Windows into Heaven: Russian Icons of the Brown Collection

Regan Denarde Shrumm


In North America, Russian icons are not often seen as distinct from other religious artefacts. Yet, while the art of the Byzantine Empire and its affiliation with the Orthodox Church did influence the look of Russian icons, and Russian artists initially followed Byzantine icon guidelines in their production, they focused on optimistic rather than tragic images. By examining the crucifixion scene on three Russian icons from the Brown Collection at the University of Victoria Art Collections, this article explores the distinct use and importance of icons to the Russian people.


icons; Russian icons; Byzantine Empire; Old Believers; Eastern Orthodox Church; Hodegetria; Brown Collection; crucifixion; twelve festival scenes; Christ; Virgin Mary; veneration

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Copyright (c) 2012 Regan Denarde Shrumm


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 Unported License.


ISSN 1923-1334 (Online)

University of Victoria