Women's Labor Force Participation and Migration to the Texas Border Region

Joan B. Anderson, Denise Dimon, Jeffery Brannon


In the U.S. during the last 30 years, it has become increasingly accepted for women, even married women with small children, to participate in the paid labor force. Currently the fastest growing segment of the U.S. labor force is married women with young children. That women are joint, or at least supplementary wage earners in the family, has become widely accepted. In Mexico, on the other hand, there continues to be a strong cultural ideology of men as heads of household and providers, while women's proper roles are those of mother, wife and homemaker. Paid employment is in conflict with these roles. A wife or daughter earning income, especially if the job involves a leadership role, is viewed as threatening to men. Machismo, the culture of male dominance, is still very present in Mexican culture (Fernandez Kelly 1983, Tiano 1990 and Ward 1990).

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Print ISSN: 0886-5655
Online ISSN: 2159-1229