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Maquilas and NAFTA: Implications of a Free Trade Microcosm

Raffaele De Vito, Jacob Wambsganss

Abstract


An analysis of the progress and impact of the maquiladora program provides a better understanding of the potential ramifications of a United States-Mexico free trade agreement as it applies to labor issues. The maquiladora program can be considered a free trade agreement in microcosm. The picture is enhanced further by an awareness of the production expansion plans of border companies and the concomitant crossborder problems faced by those organizations.

This article begins with arguments surrounding the North American Free Trade Agreement concerning labor-related issues and proceeds with a description of the maquiladora program as of 1990. The details of the methodology and findings of a 1991 survey of border staging plants follow to uncover implications for NAFTA.


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©2009
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Print ISSN: 0886-5655
Online ISSN: 2159-1229

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