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State and Local Influence in Transboundary Environmental Policy Making Along the U.S.-Mexico Border: The Case of Air Quality Management

Stephen P. Mumme


This paper extends my earlier analysis of border states influence to air quality management along the U.S.-Mexico border. The reasons for so doing are several. First, the environmental field has been an important arena for border state policy activism generally. In 1983, in good measure as a result of state policy influence, the two countries signed a landmark agreement on border environmental cooperation that has become a framework for foreign policy development in this sphere and further enhances the role of the states in policy development. Thus, it is a useful case for illustrating the role of states in foreign policy making. Second, a close look at the several issue-areas within the broader category of environmental policy, water, air, and hazards, may further establish the usefulness of the categories previously identified for analyzing and explaining the bases of state influence in foreign policy making. Third, a review of the transboundary air quality subfield may shed light on the prospects for further policy progress in this sphere.

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Print ISSN: 0886-5655
Online ISSN: 2159-1229