ETHNIC DIVERSITY AND YOUTH OFFENDING: AN EXAMINATION OF RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS

Lorne D. Bertrand, Leslie D. MacRae-Krisa, Meghan Costello, John Winterdyk

Abstract


This study examined risk and protective factors for criminal reoffending behaviour among a group of Canadian young people who had committed at least one substantive criminal offence in the past and fell into one of four ethnic groups: (a) Canadian born, parents Canadian born; (b) Aboriginal/Métis; (c) first or second generation immigrant, Caucasian; and (d) first or second generation immigrant, other ethnic background. Risk and protective factors were classified into five domains: individual; family; peer; school; and community. Consistent with previous research, the findings did not reveal many instances where statistically significant differences existed in the presence of risk and protective factors across ethnic groups; however, significant differences that were observed were across a wide range of variables. The implications of the findings within the context of previous research in this area are discussed.

Keywords


youth offending, ethnic diversity, risk factors, protective factors

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International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies
ISSN
(online) 1920-7298
© University of Victoria

 

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