ETHNIC DIVERSITY AND YOUTH OFFENDING: AN EXAMINATION OF RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS
This study examined risk and protective factors for criminal reoffending behaviour among a group of Canadian young people who had committed at least one substantive criminal offence in the past and fell into one of four ethnic groups: (a) Canadian born, parents Canadian born; (b) Aboriginal/Métis; (c) first or second generation immigrant, Caucasian; and (d) first or second generation immigrant, other ethnic background. Risk and protective factors were classified into five domains: individual; family; peer; school; and community. Consistent with previous research, the findings did not reveal many instances where statistically significant differences existed in the presence of risk and protective factors across ethnic groups; however, significant differences that were observed were across a wide range of variables. The implications of the findings within the context of previous research in this area are discussed.
youth offending, ethnic diversity, risk factors, protective factors
International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies
© University of Victoria
Victoria, BC Canada
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