SELF-TREATMENT VS. RECREATIONAL MOTIVES: DIFFERENTIATING NONMEDICAL USE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AMONG YOUTH

Whitney D. Gunter, Erin J. Farley, Daniel J. O'Connell

Abstract


Nonmedical use of prescription drugs has become a serious social problem among American youth. Two general categories of motives for the nonmedical use of prescription drugs include self-treatment and recreational use. This study assesses differences between nonmedical prescription drug users based on their self-reported motivation for using prescription drugs. Data come from more than 11,000 11th grade students in Delaware public schools. Analyses indicate significant differences in prevalence, correlates, and consequences on nonmedical use of prescription drugs based on motivation for use. Analyses reveal that, among those students who reported nonmedical use of prescription drugs, those who are using for recreational purposes are signficantly more likely to engage in other risk behaviors, such as using other illicit substances and engaging in violent behavior.

Keywords


prescription drug abuse, self-treatment, substance use

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International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies

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© University of Victoria
Victoria, BC Canada

 

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