Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis and the evolution of the serial compositional technique in Lithuania
This article discusses the history of research and development of serial compositional techniques in Lithuania. Musical experiments and discoveries of Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis (1875-1911) at the beginning of the twentieth century are very similar to the serial compositional technique produced later by composers of the Second Viennese School. However a new compositional technique was accepted by Lithuanian composers only in the 1960s when the only obtainable source of information on the dodecaphonic compositional technique reached Lithuania – the book The Classics of Dodecaphonic by Polish musicologist Boguslaw Schäffer. The new methods of the development of the serial technique are found in Lithuania during the late twentieth century, where the serial technique became the dominant method of composition. An especially significant feature is the symbiosis of the different and often opposed compositional techniques. As such, compositions usually resemble hybrids of various epochs and styles.
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