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Author Guidelines

Migration, Mobility & Displacement is an online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal. It seeks to publish original and innovative scholarly articles, juried thematic essays from migrant advocacy groups and practitioners, and visual essays that speak to migration, mobility and displacement and that relate in diverse ways to the Asia-Pacific. The journal welcomes submissions from scholars and migrant advocacy groups that are publicly engaged, and who seek to address a range of issues facing migrants, mobile and displaced persons, and especially work which explores injustices and inequalities. Manuscripts are accepted online via the Migration, Mobility & Displacement journal management system. Detailed instructions are available below. Manuscripts will be accepted by online submission only. Authors without consistent Internet access should contact the Editor for instructions.

MM&D considers three types of submissions for peer review::

Original Articles. Articles are substantive contributions that report relevant investigations, theorizations, or observations within MM&D's scope of interests. Abstracts are required and should not exceed 200 words. Figures and tables may be included. Articles are generally between 4,000 and 6,000 words. Manuscripts longer than 6,000 words are rarely considered. Articles are peer-reviewed by at least two external, anonymous reviewers before being accepted for publication.

Critical Assessments. Critical Assessments are substantive critiques, evaluations, extended reviews, or policy analyses of relevant events, agencies, policies, or productions. Assessments are generally between 1,500 and 3,000 words. Manuscripts longer than 3,000 words are rarely considered. Assessments are peer-reviewed by relevant, anonymous reviewers before being accepted for publication.

Creative Commentaries. Creative Commentaries are provocative, innovative, and original artistic, aesthetic, or multimedia representations or other visual forms. Creative contributions make substantive visual, artistic or rhetorical commentary on issues relevant to MM&D's scope of interests. Commentaries are peer-reviewed by relevant, anonymous reviewers before being accepted for publication.

Begin the submission process by registering as an author. Once registered click on the "New Submission" link on the User Home page, or go directly to the Submission form here. The system will guide you through the submission process. If you run into any problems during the process please contact the Editor for assistance.

Please have the following items readily available before beginning the online submission process:

  • Manuscript in an acceptable format as described below
  • Abstract of the manuscript, to be copied and pasted into a field during the online submission process
  • List of references, to be copied and pasted into a field during the online submission process
  • Cover letter and permissions to be uploaded as a supplementary files
  • Figures, tables and legends to be uploaded as supplementary files (see formatting instructions below)


Manuscripts should be produced in the following formats:

  • Microsoft Word (.doc or docx). Word documents should be submitted as a single file.
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)
  • TIFF (.tif), JPEG (.jpg), or EPS (.eps) for Creative Commentaries, or contact the Editor to inquire about other file formats
  • Authors should submit figures as separate files, in TIFF (.tif), JPEG (.jpg), or EPS (.eps).

For the submission of Creative Commentaries, authors should contact the Editor and provide a brief, 200-word description of the creative commentary, along with an attachment of not more than 10MB showing the nature and scope of the creative commentary. Where the creative commentary is comprised of images and texts, authors will be requested to follow above directions for Original Articles and submit it online (where possible). Where the creative commentary does not conform to the above forms, contact the Editor to arrange a method of submission. Upon acceptance the Editor will provide instructions for submitting full resolution versions of the commentary.

Please note that authors of accepted submissions may be required to submit high-resolution hard copies of all figures during production, as not all digital art files are usable.

PROOFS MM&D reserves the right to copyedit all manuscripts for clarity, conciseness, grammar, and journal style. Authors will have an opportunity to review editing changes in page proofs but must limit their alterations to correcting errors and clarifying misleading statements. The publisher will notify the author when proofs are available on the publisher's website and will include instructions on how to download and make corrections. Proofs must be returned to the publisher by the designated deadline to prevent publication delays or postponement of the manuscript to a later issue.

Title Page. The title page should include the following elements:

  • A concise, informative title
  • The names and affiliations of all authors
  • A short (running) title of no more than 40 characters and spaces
  • Place acknowledgments of assistance and support in a footnote to the title.
  • In order to ensure a blind review, do not include author names or affiliations on the title page, or elsewhere in the manuscript. Please include this information on the cover page, uploaded separately. (See Supplementary Files below).

Abstract. All articles must include an abstract of not more than 200 words. The abstract will be used to find suitable reviewers for your manuscript. The abstract must also be submitted within the appropriate field on the journal management system submission form.


  • Use special typefaces (boldface, italic, underlined, etc.) sparingly and only as necessary.
  • Avoid use of borders, rules, bullets, and indentations.
  • Use hard returns (the "Enter" key) only to end a heading or paragraph and begin a new one, not to end a line early or to make the right margin appear indented.
  • Do not use the "Tab" key to indent lists or reference entries; instead, change your software's indent settings.
  • Do not employ any automatic numbering tool for lists; all numbers appearing in your article must be explicitly typed in or they may drop out during conversion for editing.
  • Manuscripts should be double spaced throughout, including references, tables, and figure legends.
  • Use 1-inch margins on all sides, and do not justify the right margin.
  • Number all pages consecutively beginning with the title page.
  • Begin each section of the manuscript on a separate page, as follows: title page, abstract, text, references, tables, figure legends, and figures.
  • Avoid unnecessary formatting for the sake of appearance; most formatting is discarded during conversion for editing, and overly complex formatting may interfere with conversion.
  • Use the same standard 12-point font throughout the manuscript. 
  • If you used any revision or editorial tracking tools in your word-processing program, be sure the final version of your manuscript does not contain tracked changes.

Tables. Each table should appear on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Number tables, consecutively and provide a descriptive title. Each column must have a heading describing the data in the column below. Footnotes and accompanying explanatory material should be kept to a minimum. Use the table editor in your word-processing program to create tables. Do not embed tables from a spreadsheet or database program into a word-processing document without first converting them to the word processor's table format.

Abbreviations. The use of abbreviations is discouraged, except for those considered standard. Abbreviations may be used if necessary but should appear in parentheses the first time they are used in the text - for example, "Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS)."

Style. For spelling, authors should refer to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition, and Webster's New International Dictionary, 3rd edition. For grammar, punctuation, abbreviation, and style advice, please consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. Please follow the British (not American) conventions for spelling and punctuation.

Symbols and special characters. Any unusual symbols should be explained in the text. Foreign language spellings, diacritics, and transliterations are the responsibility of the author. Retain the conventions of the original language (i.e., do not disregard diacritical marks).

Supplementary Files
Cover letter. The author should upload a cover letter as a separate file in the “Supplementary Files” section of the submission process. The cover letter should note the names of all authors, as well as their addresses, telephone numbers, and e-mail addresses. Revised submissions must also be accompanied by a cover letter addressing issues raised in the review process.

Figures Each figure should be uploaded as a separate image file in the “Supplementary Files” section of the submission process. Figures should be numbered consecutively, in the order mentioned in the text. Letters, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of sufficient size to be legible in the event figures must be reduced. Figures reproduced from other publications must be accompanied by permission from the copyright holder. Clearly labeled figure legends can be included at the end of the main manuscript, or uploaded as a separate file in “Supplementary Files.” Do not include figure legends within figure image files. Abbreviations or symbols used in a figure but not defined in the figure itself must be defined in the legend.

Permissions. Upon acceptance you will be asked to obtain written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce unpublished or previously published articles, tables, or figures from other sources. For published articles, the copyright holder is usually the publisher, not the author. Documentation of permissions should be be uploaded as supplementary files.

MM&D uses Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition Author-Date (B) style. See Chapter 15 of the Chicago Manual of Style Online for detailed information on in-text citation and reference styles. Documentation should be presented in author-date style, with all cited references collected in an alphabetical list titled "References." This list should start a new page in the manuscript file. Every work cited in the text, notes, appendixes, tables, and figures must appear in the References; conversely, every work listed in the References should be cited in the text or elsewhere in the article. When all authors are the same, use a dash for subsequent entries and order those entries chronologically. When there are two or more publications by the same author(s) in the same year, list them alphabetically by title and use 2003a, 2003b.

In text references should be cited in chronological order. For three authors, write out all the names the first time cited, and for citations thereafter use the first author's last name with "et al." For four or more authors, use the first author's name and "et al." every time.

Cite references in text by last name of author and year, usually in parentheses (e.g., Johnson 1996, 1998; Yang 1997a, 1997b; OECD 2001; Knowles and Garces-Ozanne 2003). Specific page numbers or references to tables or figures are also cited in parentheses (Meng 1997, 62; Adams 2002, table 1). If the name of the author cited is part of the text, only the date should appear in parentheses: " Johnson (1996) emphasizes this in his study; other views are also expressed by Becker (1991), Cleland et al. (1998), and Knight and Song (1999)."

Notes may be used sparingly for additions to, or comments on, the text. They should be collected as endnotes in the manuscript and start a new page. Any citations of references in the notes should use the same form as text references: (Becker 1991).

Examples of Chicago Author-Date format are as follows:

Knowles, Stephen, and Arlene Garces-Ozanne. 2003. "Government Intervention and Economic Performance in East Asia." Economic Development and Cultural Change 51 (January): 451-77.

Yang, Dennis T. 1997. "China's Land Arrangements and Rural Labor Mobility." China Economic Review 8:101-15.

Becker, Gary S. 1991. A Treatise on the Family. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Essay in Edited Collection
Cleland, John, and Georgia Kaufmann. 1998. "Education, Fertility, and Child Survival: Unravelling the Links." In The Methods and Uses of Anthropological Demography, ed. Alaka Malwade Basu and Peter Aaby. Oxford: Clarendon.

Conference Paper
Bai, Nansheng. 2001. "March Forward to the City or Return Back to the Country: A Study of the Returned Rural Laborers." Paper presented at the 2001 Labor Flow Conference, Beijing, July 4-6.

Working Papers
Johnson, D. Gale. 1999. "Agricultural Adjustment in China: Problems and Prospects." Working paper, Department of Economics, University of Chicago.

Lerman, Zvi, and Csaba Csaki. 1997. "Land Reform in Ukraine: The First Five Years." World Bank Discussion Paper no. 371, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Unpublished Manuscripts
Cheng, Leonard K., and H. Zhao. 1995. "Geographical Patterns of Foreign Direct Investments in China: Location, Factor Endowments, and Policy Incentives." Unpublished manuscript, Department of Economics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

Narayan, Deepa. 2002. "Bonds and Bridges: Social Capital and Poverty." Photocopy, Poverty Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM), World Bank, Washington, DC.

Meng, Erika C. H. 1997. "Land Allocation Decisions and In Situ Conservation of Crop Genetic Resources: The Case of Wheat Landraces in Turkey." PhD diss., University of California, Davis.

Statistical Data and Internet Sources
Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 1997. Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Slovenia. Ljubljana: Republic of Slovenia.

Statistics South Africa. "South African Population Census 1996."
U.S. Department of Agriculture. "Agricultural Statistics of Former USSR Republics and Baltic States, 1996.""international/93009/" (accessed May 16, 2001).

For enquires related to submissions, or the review process, please contact the Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Feng Xu, at

For enquires related to the submission system please contact the Technical Editor, Joel Legassie, at


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