Language Revitalization in Ukraine: Geo-Culturally Determined Success

Andrew McKishnie

Abstract


This paper discusses the successes and struggles of the ongoing language revitalization effort in Ukraine.  Since the breakup of the USSR in 1991, many policies have been implemented in an effort to promote ‘ukrainianization’ of the country, which has resulted in mixed success (Pavlenko 2006).. Today, more of the population is speaking Ukrainian, although this is not a phenomenon that is evenly distributed across the country; rather, the success of ukrainianization has been ‘geo-culturally determined’; that is, the success of ukrianianization can be determined by the cultural climate of any given geographical area. The paper attemps to demonstrate this by giving a historical outline of language in the USSR,  discussing ukrainianization efforts after independence, and speculating on  and future directions of ukrainianization as it pertains to three geographic regions: Western Ukraine (i.e. Lviv), Kiev and Crimea.



Full Text:

PDF

References


Fishman, Joshua. 1991. 1991. Reversing language Shift: Theory and Practice of Assistance to Threatened Languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Krouglov, Alexander. 2002. War and Peace: Ukrainian and Russian in Ukraine. Journal of Language and Politics. 1:2, 221-239.

MacKinnon, Mark. 2004. Crimea has eyes only for Russia. The Globe and Mail. Toronto: Dec. 4, p. A.11.

Marshall, Camelot Ann. 2002. Post-Soviet Language Policy and the Language Utilization Patterns of Kyivan Youth. Language Policy. 1:3, 237-260.

Pavlenko, Aneta. 2006. Russian as a Lingua Franca. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. 26, 78-99.

Smith, Michael G. 1998. Language and Power in the Creation of the USSR, 1917-1953. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Uehling, Greta. 2004. The First Independent Ukrainian Census in Crimea: Myths, Miscoding and Missed Opportunities. Ethnic and Racial Identities. 27:1, 149-170.

Volvach, Petro. 2011. ‘Podarunok Xrushova’. Yak Ukrayina vidbuduvala Krym (‘Kruschev’s Gift’. How Ukraine rebuilt Crimea). Ukrayinska Pravda (Ukrainian Truth). Simferopol: Feb. 21, Istorichna Pravda (Historical Truth).

Yekelchyk, Serhy. 2007. Ukraine: Birth of a Modern Nation. New York: Oxford University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


EISSN:
University of Victoria