Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle <p>WPLC is a peer reviewed working papers journal published by the graduate students of the department of linguistics at the University of Victoria. In 2010 we switched to only online digital publication and our digital archives on this website go back to the first volume printed in 1981.</p> <p>We publish one thematic issue each year. Every four years we publish the proceedings of the Northwest Linguistics Conference when the conference is hosted by graduate students in the Department of Linguistics of the University of Victoria.</p> University of Victoria en-US Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle 1200-3344 <p>All rights are retained by submitting authors. If you are an author of a previously print only paper and wish to have the digital version removed please contact the journal at</p> A Reanalysis of CV- Reduplication in Comox-Sliammon <p class="abst-wplc">Previous descriptions of Comox-Sliammon (ʔayʔaǰuθəm) list three types of CV reduplication: imperfective, plural, and diminutive (Watanabe 2003). Though the proposed reduplicant is a CV prefix across all three types of reduplication, the processes are not homophonous. The root vowel is argued to be retained in imperfective reduplication, but deleted in diminutive and plural reduplication (Watanabe 2003). The prefixing CV- analysis requires positing that input-reduplicant faithfulness is more valued by the grammar than input-base and base-reduplicant correspondence, which is undesirable under Base-Reduplicant Correspondence theory (McCarthy &amp; Prince 1995). In this paper, I argue that the difference between imperfective, plural, and diminutive reduplicative processes arises from two sources: (1) the morphological domain to which they attach, and (2) whether a particular ranking of alignment constraints within a specific domain favours reduplicant or root material at the left edge. Descriptively, the imperfective reduplicant truly surfaces a prefix, while the plural and diminutive reduplicants are realized as infixes. In order to account for the different affixal positions (infix or prefix), a Stratal OT approach is adopted (Kiparsky 2008), whereby infixation is motivated by AlignL<sub>Rt </sub>is ranked above AlignL<sub>Red </sub>at the stem-level and prefixation preferred by the opposite ranking (AlignL<sub>Red </sub>&gt;&gt; AlignL<sub>Rt</sub>) at the word-level. Reanalysing “root vowel deleting” CV reduplicants as infixes avoids theoretical issues and is more consistent with the Comox-Sliammon grammar.</p> Gloria Mellesmoen Copyright (c) 2020 Gloria Mellesmoen 2020-01-12 2020-01-12 30 1 1 10 Uniformity Constraints in German Reportive Contexts <p class="abst-wplc">In this paper, I analyze variation in interpretations and surface forms of German embedded clauses under reportive verbs. Variation exists in the position and modality of the finite verb. In order to account for this variation, I argue for a pronominal theory of tense and world variables, following Partee (1989), Kratzer (1998; 2005) and Percus (2000). In addition, I propose a hypothesis of uniformity, which requires that one head can only host either a binder or a variable, but not both simultaneously. A pronominal approach to tense, combined with the uniformity constraint correctly predicts and explains different interpretations of clausal complements of reportive verbs in German.</p> Sander Nederveen Copyright (c) 2020 Sander Nederveen 2020-01-12 2020-01-12 30 1 11 21 Redefining feature percolation Dmitrii Zelenskii Copyright (c) 2020 Dmitrii Zelenskii 2020-01-14 2020-01-14 30 1 21 30 Foot recursion in interlanguage grammars Emma Haggins John Archibald Copyright (c) 2020 Emma Haggins, John Archibald 2020-01-12 2020-01-12 30 1 31 41 How amplitude influences Mandarin Chinese tone recognition in whisper Patricia Peilin Yang Copyright (c) 2020 Patricia Peilin Yang 2020-01-12 2020-01-12 30 1 42 52