Cavernous Spaces in Plato and Virgil

  • Jonathan Año University of Victoria

Abstract

In Plato's Republic, Socrates presents an epistemological and philosophical analogy where the process of becoming more attuned to the ideal Forms occurs in gradations, as steps, or as gradual shifts from darkness of the Cave to full daylight. Virgil, however, in the Aeneid, describes several caves and uses those topoi as places where characters gain knowledge. I examine how their cavernous rhetoric works, and how Virgil uses his caves as an answer to Plato's Cave, demonstrating this concept in an epic.

Author Biography

Jonathan Año, University of Victoria
third-year UVic student pursuing an Honours degree in English

References

Elliott, R.K. “Socrates and Plato’s Cave.” Kant-Studien 58:2 (1967): 137-157. Periodicals

Archive Online. Web. 01 December 2012. http://pao.chadwyck.com.

ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/journals/displayItemFromId.do?QueryType=journals

&ItemID=0171

Morris, T.F. “Plato's Cave.” South African Journal of Philosophy 28:4 (2010): 416-432.

EBSCO. Web. 01 December 2012. http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/

ehost/external?sid=d4ed8011-4176-43a9-8f6b-455520352518%40sessionm

gr14&vid=2&hid=19

Plato. The Republic. Trans. Sir Desmond Lee. Ed. Betty Radice. London: Penguin, 2007.

-368. Print.

Saaedi, Pouneh. “Images of Liminality in Book VI of The Aeneid.” Comparative Literature and

Culture 11.2 (2009): 1-8. UVic Libraries. Web. 01 December 2012 http://docs.l

ib.purdue.edu/clcweb/vol11/iss2/9

Shiffman, Mark G. "A Platonic Reading of Vergil's Aeneid." Modern Age 43.3 (2001): 211.

America: History and Life with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 01 December 2012.

http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/ehost/detail?sid=0c8ff33e-df64-407c-a37e-5a956421c741%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&hid=19&bdata

=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=31h&AN=5447756

Virgil. The Aeneid. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Random House, 1983.

-226. Print.

Published
2013-09-20
Section
Articles