The Venezuela–Colombia Border: Epicenter of the Hemisphere’s Largest Migratory Crisis during COVID-19

Abstract

COVID-19’s pandemic declaration worsened the Táchira–Norte de Santander border as the epicenter of the second largest forced migratory crisis in the world due to the Complex Humanitarian Emergency in Venezuela. COVID-19 changed the direction of the flow from emigration to returned migration, at a border that had already moved from open to semi-open, and since the pandemic, became closed to all formal movements. 

Author Biographies

Ana Marleny Bustamante, Universidad de los Andes

PhD in Political Science, University of Liverpool, UK. Master Scientiarum in Political Science, Mention: Borders and Geopolitics and Bachelor of Education, Universidad de los Andes (ULA), Venezuela. Senior Researcher and Professor at the Center for Border and Integration Studies (CEFI), ULA. Former Head of Faculty Research at the ULA-CDCHTA Humanistic Commission, Táchira campus. Former Head of the Commission to create the Master in Borders and Integration. Former Director of CEFI. Academic Excellence Scholarship for ULA graduates. Visiting Fulbright Scholar at San Diego State University, California, United States (2011). Research fields: Regional Integration and Border Studies. She is the author of numerous articles in peer-reviewed and indexed scientific journals, more than 10 book chapters, and co-author of 5 books on her research topics.

Francisco Javier Sánchez, Universidad de los Andes

PhD Candidate in Political Studies, Universidad de los Andes (ULA), Venezuela. Master in International Law and International Relations, Ortega y Gasset University Research Institute attached to the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Specialist in International Law and Politics, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas. Lawyer, Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, Venezuela. Associate Researcher and Professor at the Center for Border and Integration Studies (CEFI), ULA, Táchira campus. Former Director of CEFI.  Head of the Master in Borders and Integration, ULA. Editor of Aldea Mundo, journal about Regional Integration and Border Studies. Research fields: Regional Integration, Borders, International Law and Regional Integration links. Author and co-author of scientific articles, book chapters and books on the topics of his fields of research, as well as opinion articles.

Published
2020-12-15
Section
Essays