Borders in Globalization Review 2022-01-06T00:10:27-08:00 Dr. E. Brunet-Jailly Open Journal Systems <p><em>BIG_Review</em>&nbsp;provides an open-access forum for academic and creative explorations of the changing logics of borders in the 21st century.&nbsp;Our interest is advancing high-quality and original works in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, that explore various aspects of borders in an increasingly globalized world. The journal is committed to peer review, public access, policy relevance, and cultural significance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Letter of Introduction 2022-01-05T22:30:13-08:00 Michael J Carpenter <p>Managing Editor Michael J. Carpenter introduces the fifth issue of the journal.</p> 2021-12-20T04:23:30-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Michael J Carpenter Special Section – New Border Studies in South Asia: Introduction 2022-01-06T00:09:17-08:00 Dhananjay Tripathi <p class="p1">In this special section, <strong>New Border Studies in South Asia</strong>, <em>BIG_Review</em> Board Member and regional specialist Dhananjay Tripathi edits a collection by emerging scholars of the Indian subcontinent. Through new research and fieldwork, themes explored include identity formation, postcoloniality, forced displacement, and looking beyond the human-centric world in border governance<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dhananjay Tripathi Everyday Lives in Peripheral Spaces: A Case of Bengal Borderlands 2021-12-20T08:33:47-08:00 Sampurna Bhaumik <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This article (part of a </span><span class="s2">special section</span><span class="s1"> on South Asian border studies) is an ethnographic study of the daily lives and narratives of borderlands communities in the border districts of Cooch Behar and South Dinajpur along the West-Bengal–Bangladesh border. In order to emphasise the significance of borderland communities’ narratives and experiences to our understanding of borders, this paper explores the idea of borders as social spaces that are inherently dynamic. In attempting to understand the idea of borders through everyday lives of people living in borderland communities, this paper highlights tensions and contradictions between hard borders manifested through securitization practices, and the inherently dynamic social spaces that manifest themselves in people’s daily lives. Conceptually and thematically, this paper is situated within and seeks to contribute to the discipline of borderland studies.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s3"><strong>Key Words</strong>: Borders, Social Spaces, Security, Bengal Borderlands, South Asia<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sampurna Bhaumik Identity, Religion and Difference in the Borderland District of Poonch, Jammu and Kashmir 2021-12-20T08:32:48-08:00 Malvika Sharma <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This article (part of a </span><span class="s2">special section</span><span class="s1"> on South Asian border studies) is an exploration of a multi-religious ethnic group in the borderland district of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The work focuses on the Pahari ethnicity and looks at how prominent religious identities within this group have been continuously aligning themselves along religious lines in the post-partition era. Partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 acted as a major disruption in the construction of identities. The evolution of national and ethnic identities went hand in hand with the evolution of religious identities, with the latter being more pronounced than the former. Such a fixation along religious lines in the socio-cultural and political sphere led to changes in everyday inter-community relations. Through oral histories and other accounts, this ethnography understands the new set of interactions that emerged in Poonch which have been shaping identities, while also analysing identity construction and its impact on the social organisation of space and neighbourhoods in general in the post-partition era.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Key Words</strong>: Borderland, Border, Boundaries, Community, Communalism, Difference, Ethnicity, Identity, Inter-community interaction, Nation, Nation-State, Othering, Religion<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></span></p> 2021-12-20T04:33:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Malvika Sharma Rohingya Refugees in South Asia: An Exploration of Social Borders and the Margins 2021-12-20T08:33:51-08:00 Rachel Irene D'Silva <p class="p1"><span class="s1">By reviewing the case of the Rohingya, a marginalized community in the postcolonial state of Myanmar, this article </span><span class="s2">(as part of a </span><span class="s3">special section</span><span class="s2"> on South Asian border studies) </span><span class="s1">explores the perspective of Rohingya refugees and conceptualizes social borders from the voices of the refugees. Juxtaposing postcolonial borders with narrations of Rohingya in India brings out the politics of the marginalized communities in the country’s borderlands. The article shows how borderscapes are shaped for refugees that articulate ideas of social justice and recognition. Building on international studies of the Rohingya, I conducted fieldwork into the situation of the Rohingya in India. The resulting interviews add to our understanding of Rohingya refugees and address a scarcity of literature on the Rohingya in border studies. Through the analysis, I discover the history of the Rohingya identity in Myanmar, which contextualizes their statelessness. Social borders and state legislation reinforce barriers to citizenship and sharpen the exclusion of migrants, refugees, and other stateless peoples in South Asia.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Keywords</strong>: South Asia, Refugees, Rohingya, post-colonial states, boundaries, borders, margins, Southeast Asia, marginal communities.</span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rachel Irene D'Silva Rohingya Refugee Movement in Bangladesh: Insiders and Outsiders in Strengthening and Weakening of Borders 2021-12-20T08:32:45-08:00 Sariful Islam <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This paper examines the role insiders and outsiders play directly and indirectly in strengthening both territorial and psychological borders. At the same time, it also investigates how they undermine the existing boundaries of difference; in other words, how they weaken borders. This study understands ‘borders’ as both physical and cultural boundaries or visible and invisible boundaries of (re)producing and (re)ordering “us” versus “them” or insiders and outsiders. The conceptual framework developed by Azmeary Ferdoush (2017) has been employed to investigate the role of insiders and outsiders in strengthening and weakening borders. The Rohingya movement to Bangladesh case study is used to examine the paradoxical affects that both insiders and outsiders have on borders. This study aims to contribute the existing literature by explaining how borders are <br>(re)produced and (re)shaped with the interaction of both the insiders and outsiders, with a specific focus on the implications of the refugee movement on border-making.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Key Words</strong>: Border, Refugee Movement, Rohingya Refugee, Bangladesh.</span></p> 2021-12-20T04:42:12-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sariful Islam Human Folly and Border Fences: Looking to Non-Human Actors at the Indo–Bangladesh Border 2021-12-20T08:33:55-08:00 Uddipta Ranjan Boruah <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The obsession with inter-state territorial borders and the associated paraphernalia of border management and security makes borders and their management a primarily human-centric discourse. This paper makes an attempt at introducing the agency of rivers as non-human actors—or rather as actants—in shaping and managing international borders. The paper looks specifically at the riverine sector of the Indo-Bangladesh border, where the international boundary has been re-negotiated each year by the transnational rivers, primarily the Brahmaputra (also the Gangadhar), through flooding, erosion, and deposition of sediment. By interrogating the role of rivers in shaping the border and border management strategies, the paper argues that humans, despite persisting as the primary agents in border management, are not the only actors. Drawing on Actor Network Theory (ANT), a case is made to appreciate the general symmetry between humans and non-humans as a-priori equal. Incorporating both in an actor-network may provide insights into border management in complex borderlands.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Uddipta Ranjan Boruah Borderline: Frontiers of Peace (Porfolio) 2021-12-20T23:51:30-08:00 Valerio Vincenzo <p class="p1">From Portugal to Bulgaria, from Finland to Greece, photographer Valerio Vincenzo zigzagged along the length of nearly 20,000 kilometers of borders between the countries that are part of the European Union and/or the Schengen Area. Considering Europe’s history over the 19th and 20th centuries, full of scars, walls and trenches, these images document a silent revolution. Barely sixty years ago, the Schengen Area was merely a utopian notion. This photographic work shows a utopia that has become reality. Europe received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012 for such an achievement. The Nobel Committee stated, ‘The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.’<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1">Today, the final words of this statement are being called into question, as indeed are the construction of Europe and the Schengen Area, too. Is Europe caught in a dilemma between its values and the pragmatic difficulty of enforcing them? Will the images included in this project end up relegated to history books, witnesses to a bygone age?<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p2"><strong>Borderline, Frontiers of Peace</strong> was awarded the 2013 Louise Weiss Prize for European Journalism, the first time that such an award has been granted to a photo project. The project has been exhibited numerous times, notably at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris in 2015, St. Petersburg (Russia) in 2016, Brest and Orléans (France), Zagreb and Vukovar (Croatia) in 2017, Sarajevo (Bosnia &amp; Herzegovina) and the fortress of Salses (France) in 2018, Amiens (France), Berlin and Bamberg (Germany) in 2019, Tallinn (Estonia) and Lübeck (Germany) in 2020, and Strasbourg (France) and Cuneo (Italy) in 2021. Valerio Vincenzo is currently extending his project to the now peaceful borders of the Balkans.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T04:50:30-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Valerio Vincenzo Special Section – Art & Borders: Introduction 2022-01-06T00:10:27-08:00 Elisa Ganivet <p class="p1"><em>BIG_Review</em> Art Editor Elisa Ganivet introduces the special section on art and borders<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T04:56:27-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisa Ganivet Beyond Borders, Beyond States: Artistic and Historical Aviation Perspectives 2021-12-20T21:52:48-08:00 Ina Neddermeyer Jürgen Bleibler <p class="p1">Proceeding from the historical question of the regulation of airspace, this essay examines the current and future significance of borders and the central question of statehood, for the special section of this issue, <span class="s1">Art &amp; Borders</span>. The authors draw on their experience as curators of the 2021 exhibition Beyond States: The Boundaries of Statehood at the Zeppelin Museum in Friedrichshafen, Germany, to reveal the role of ballooning aviation and critical approaches of artists towards border regimes<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ina Neddermeyer, Jürgen Bleibler Outline & Depth of Otherness: An Interview with Randa Maroufi 2021-12-20T21:54:04-08:00 Elisa Ganivet <p class="p1">In this interview, as part of the special section <span class="s1">Art &amp; Borders</span>, Art Editor Elisa Ganivet talks with the artist Randa Maroufi. The shore between Morocco and Europe is particularly questioned, along with Maroufi’s fine work around the more structural, societal and gender boundaries. Her research is synthesized by stagings where a strong and clear-sighted image predominates.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisa Ganivet On the Passage of Existence: An Interview with Taysir Batniji 2021-12-20T21:54:32-08:00 Elisa Ganivet <p>In this interview, produced in both English and French, as part of the special section Art &amp; Borders, Art Editor Elisa Ganivet talks with the artist Taysir Batniji. The occasion of his exhibition at the Macval (France) allowed reflection on some of his long-term works and on his life path. The strength of ‘the idea’ prevails over the medium for a sensitive awakening to the state of a world simultaneously foreign and familiar.</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisa Ganivet Frontières & Mythologies personnelles : un entretien avec Emeric Lhuisset 2021-12-20T21:55:26-08:00 Elisa Ganivet <p class="p1">Connu pour son travail de terrain dans les zones de conflit, le photographe Emeric Lhuisset a été interviewé par Elisa Ganivet. En se concentrant sur les projets contextuels de l’artiste, ses expériences in situ sont révélatrices de dynamiques territoriales singulières. Des extraits de l’entretien sont reproduits ici, dans la section spéciale <span class="s1">Art &amp; Borders </span>de cette édition La version anglaise a été publiée dans notre précédent numéro de <em>BIG_Review</em>.</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisa Ganivet Murs frontières et virtualité 2021-12-20T21:55:55-08:00 Hélène Mutter <p class="p1">Dans le cadre de la section spéciale <span class="s1">Art &amp; Borders</span>, l’artiste plasticienne Hélène Mutter interroge la perception des frontières étatiques par le biais de la post-photographie. Depuis l’accessibilité technologique de Google Earth, le flou des séparations entre les nations jurent avec l’appréciation physique et vécue du passage. On assiste à un aplatissement des réalités géopolitiques. L’artiste propose pour BIG_Review cet article inédit sur son projet photographique « Lines » qui avait été exposé au festival Fotolimo dont un article dédié est dans ce même numéro présenté</p> 2021-12-20T05:59:14-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hélène Mutter Fotolimo: A Festival that Borders on all Images 2022-01-06T00:06:52-08:00 Christian Gattinoni <p class="p1">In this <em>BIG_Review</em> exclusive for the sepcial section <span class="s1">Art &amp; Borders</span>, Christian Gattinoni highlights a conference given during the FOTOLIMO festival. Located on the French- Catalan border, the festival boasts “the mission to add energy to reflect on the concept of border through the image, in a critical cross-border perspective”<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-20T06:04:37-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Christian Gattinoni The Land of Hope: Border, Evacuation, and Rejection During a Nuclear Crisis 2021-12-21T10:29:10-08:00 Aurelien Portelli Eric Rigaud <p>Film review of <em>Land of Hope</em> (2012)</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Eric Rigaud, Portelli Only Those Who Can Leave Are Allowed to Stay: Petzold’s Masterful Adaptation of Seghers’ Transit 2021-12-20T08:32:29-08:00 Marion Christina Rohrleitner <p>Film review of 2018 film <em>Transit</em>.</p> 2021-12-20T06:10:48-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marion Christina Rohrleitner Vanishing Act: Review of The Book of Disappearance 2021-12-20T08:31:59-08:00 Tonia Harris <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">A book review of </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Book of Disappearance</span></em> <span style="font-weight: 400;">by Ibtisam Azem, translated from the Arabic by Sinan Antoon, Syracuse University Press, 2019.</span></p> <p><br><br></p> 2021-12-20T06:13:50-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tonia Harris Review of Re-Imagining Border Studies in South Asia 2021-12-20T08:32:54-08:00 Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman <p>Book review.</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman