Borders in Globalization Review <p><em>BIG_Review</em>&nbsp;provides an open-access forum for academic and creative explorations of the changing logics of borders in the 21st century.&nbsp;Our interest is advancing high-quality and original works in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, that explore various aspects of borders in an increasingly globalized world. The journal is committed to peer review, public access, policy relevance, and cultural significance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> University of Victoria en-US Borders in Globalization Review 2562-9913 <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a></span>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) that allows others to copy and redistribute the material, to remix, transform and bulid upon the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a></span>).</li> <li class="show">Artists may discuss alternative copyrights with the editors.&nbsp;&nbsp; <div id="copyrightNotice" class="copyright_notice">&nbsp;</div> <div id="privacyStatement" class="privacy_statement">&nbsp;</div> </li> </ul> Letter of Introduction <p>This letter from the editors introduces the new issue and its special sections and portfolio.&nbsp;</p> Michael J Carpenter Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly Copyright (c) 2024 Michael J Carpenter; Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel, Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 5 1 6 6 10.18357/bigr51202421812 INTRODUCTION—Reinvigorating Ancestral Practices: Honoring Land and Water Defenders, Indigenous Internationalisms, and Community Protocols <p class="p1"><span class="s1">For Indigenous peoples, boundaries on homelands and waterways often denote places for family, clan and/or community responsibilities regarding stewardship or protection and are not merely lines of exclusion on a map. In this essay I begin by reflecting on the teachings of the late master carver and artist TEMOSE</span><span class="s2">ṈŦ</span><span class="s1">ET (Dr. Charles Elliott from Tsartlip First Nation) and discuss how his artistry embodies Indigenous internationalism and intimate relationships to </span><span class="s3">W̱</span>SÁNE<span class="s4">Ć</span><span class="s1"> lands and waters. Indigenous internationalism is practiced through diplomacies, activism, trade relations, treaties, solidarities, and other forms of Indigenous international relations which precede the formation of states. In this essay I look at the deeper meaning behind the Cherokee word for nation, ayetli, and discuss how Indigenous internationalism and land/water defense are expressed through stories, activism, and everyday actions that renew relational responsibilities to lands, waters, and more-than-human kin</span></p> Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel Copyright (c) 2024 Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 8 11 10.18357/bigr51202421799 Kidnapped Water and Living Otherwise in a World of Drought, Fires, and Floods <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This essay considers how the production of water as a resource that can be extracted and commodified is situated at the core of colonial capitalist economies. Water has become a volatile means to secure economic growth under conditions of accelerated aridification and scarcity. The focus of the analysis is the struggle of the United Front of Nahua Communities in Puebla, Mexico against the water bottling company Danone Bonafont. Like other Indigenous struggles, the significance of this case goes beyond water rights and environmental justice. Shifting the focus to relationships of water—the interactions between the human and non-human worlds, this paper demonstrates that conflicts over water, the life, and energy it represents reflects not only different value systems but also a disconnect about the place of humans in the wider world and in the current context of climate catastrophes, fires, and droughts. I develop a “confluence of plural bodies” approach to explore how “water as life” may offer us the language to envision alternative understandings of liberation.</span></p> Isabel Altamirano-Jiménez Copyright (c) 2024 Isabel Altamirano-Jiménez 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 12 20 10.18357/bigr51202421800 Fluid Internationalisms: The Ocean as a Source and Forum of Indigenous International Law <p class="p1"><span class="s1">To rethink ‘the international’ necessarily enables revisioning where sources of law can be located, how normative paradigms operate in situ, and which processes foster cultural, political, and legal principles. In grounding this international reorientation in the ocean and ocean thinking, this analysis offers a brief point of entry into the worlds of Indigenous internationalisms from a coastal, oceanic reference of analysis. We underline not only how the ocean is an international law forum for Indigenous internationalisms, but also how they are vibrant spaces that foster connections between kin and generate legal principles through the methodology of reading seascapes. Through this process, what follows is a submerging of particular ideologies of ‘the international’ and an emerging account of ‘the international’ that facilitates a dynamic transcendence of thinking and being beyond state-premised borders, international relations, law, and sovereignty. Understanding oceans as Indigenous international law fora, as sources of Indigenous legalities, as physical interpretive legal methodologies, and as the connective structures that foster deep connections within and beyond an Indigenous nation, brings us into a socio-legal geography that suspends restrictive, colonial visions of ‘the international’ for a vibrant oceanic future. Recognizing and affirming these oceanic connections contributes to reinscribing Indigenous sovereignty at the scales of individuals, nations, and international relations.</span></p> Andrew Ambers Rachel yacaaʔał George Copyright (c) 2024 Andrew Ambers, Rachel yacaaʔał George 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 21 25 10.18357/bigr51202421801 Galadzi (Bear) <p class="p2"><span class="s1">The spirit of the ancestors are depicted in the painting of the bear, the great bear, and the salmon that returns to the river Gwani (Nimpkish River). </span><span class="s1">This serigraph is reproduced for the Special Issue: Honoring Indigenous Land and Water Defenders (featured on cover).&nbsp;</span><span class="s1">Copyright © Francis Dick 2003&nbsp;</span></p> Francis Dick Copyright (c) 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 26 27 10.18357/bigr51202421802 An Interview with Tiffany Joseph: Land and Water Stewardship in a Time of Crisis <p class="p1">Tiffany Joseph. Tiffany is of Sḵx̱wu7mesh and W̱SÁNEĆ ancestry. She currently coordinates the Rematriate Stewardship project with the XAXE TEṈEW̱ Sacred Land Society. She describes herself as being “drawn to work that promotes wellness of our minds, bodies, and the environment in which we live, because the wellbeing of the land and the people is intertwined”. The following conversation covers pollinators, extractivism, Palestine, and what it takes to show up for land and water defense.</p> Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel Copyright (c) 2024 Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 28 34 10.18357/bigr51202421803 An Interview with Loreisa Lepine: čisélqən tθə sx̌ənəšəns ə tθə iləkʷsiləŋ ɫtə (Following the Footprints of Our Ancestors) <p>On November 6th, 2023, Hannah Gentes spoke with čésəlit̓əšən (Loreisa Lepine). Loreisa is the first officially recognized and “ongoing” Indigenous Land Steward at the University of Victoria. Loreisa’s work involves the creation and prioritization of reconnection to land for Indigenous students in their homelands (lək̓ʷəŋən territory). Loreisa leads the A Place of Medicine restoration project in the courtyard of the David Turpin building at UVic. Their conversation covered being in relationship to the land, navigating colonial education spaces, and plant revitalization.</p> Hannah Gentes Copyright (c) 2024 Hannah Gentes 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 35 38 10.18357/bigr51202421804 An Interview with Cheryl Bryce: Decolonizing Place for Indigenous Food and Land Sovereignty <p>On February 4th, 2023, Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel spoke with Cheryl Bryce, Songhees Nation member and knowledge-keeper who focuses on land and Indigenous food sovereignty. She founded and continues to lead the lək̓ʷəŋən Community Tool Shed, an initiative that brings people together to decolonize the land and reinstate indigenous food systems. The following conversation covers kwetlal (camas) food systems, traditional land management, and sharing knowledge.</p> Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel Copyright (c) 2024 Jeff Ganohalidoh Corntassel 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 39 45 10.18357/bigr51202421805 things I am sick of <p>A poem.</p> Jana-Rae Yerxa Copyright (c) 2024 Jana-Rae Yerxa 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 46 47 10.18357/bigr51202421806 Call to Prayer <p class="p1"><span class="s1">“Call to Prayer” is a poem that attempts to capture and portray the experience of standing in the malu (shade and protection) of the sacred. Whether that malu is cast by monument, an altar, or a mountain, the poem depicts the kuleana (responsibilities and privileges) of recognizing our pilina (intimacy and relationship) to that which is kapu (sacred). The poem travels through the knowledges of faith, courage, devotion, fear, and aloha via the perspective of a Kanaka Maoli wahine who lives in the malu of our kupuna (ancestors) while continuing to endure the ongoing wake of settler colonialism, displacement, and alienation.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Call to Prayer stands in the malu of the Mihrab, Shangri La’s most sacred stolen artifact. And in her magnificent shadow we come face to face with the violence that resulted in her displacement to Hawai</span><span class="s2">‘</span><span class="s1">i. We cannot look away, not from her outstanding beauty, and certainly not from the generations of brutality that has allowed us to be in her company. The Mihrab powerfully calls us back to our own sacred places, and in that moment we are invited into a mutual recognition, an unexpected intimacy between peoples, </span><span class="s3">ʻ</span><span class="s4">ā</span><span class="s1">ina (lands, or that which feeds), and mo</span><span class="s2">‘</span><span class="s1">olelo (stories and histories).</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">While this original poem was written in 2021, the most recent genocidal attacks on our Palestinian </span><span class="s2">‘</span><span class="s1">Ohana in Gaza by the State of Israel have further deepened and expanded its meaning. While our loved ones face genocidal extermination, we stand, around the world, insisting on a critical truth: all life is sacred, all </span><span class="s2">‘</span><span class="s4">ā</span><span class="s1">ina are sacred. We condemn any oppressive regimes that would attempt to exterminate our peoples (whether kanaka or Palestinian) and contaminate, bombarded, and settle our lands. Any national project that requires wholesale extermination and displacement of Indigenous peoples is an affront not only to justice, but to life itself. Our commitment to each other will not allow us to be silent. Our duty to our shared histories, will not allow us to stand idly by. May all our akua (gods and elemental forces) and k</span><span class="s4">ū</span><span class="s1">puna (ancestors) gather around us, may they cast their malu of protection upon us, may they strengthen us in this lifelong pursuit of liberation, justice, and freedom for all occupied and oppressed peoples. Amamua noa.</span></p> Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio Copyright (c) 2024 Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 48 50 10.18357/bigr51202421807 Unsold and Indivisible <p>Two poems, "Unsold" and "Indivisible". Jess H̓áust̓i is interested in how poetry as a form and the natural world as a space of images and relationships can give shape to human identity and experience. They explore this through storytelling practices that bridge Indigenous feminism, kincentric ecology, and the links between body sovereignty and land sovereignty. Jess thrives in the belief that place-based identities and Indigenous knowledge systems ground us in embodied ancestral wisdom and connectedness that empower us to steward and defend our motherlands with the same love and care we would employ in tending to a loved one; this belief is core to their practice of writing and organizing.</p> Jess H̓áust̓i Copyright (c) 2024 Jess H̓áust̓i 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 51 53 10.18357/bigr51202421808 Documenting Border Barriers <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Documenting Border Barriers is an ongoing research-based artwork in etching and relief printmaking that addresses the exponential rise in fences and walls that have been built on the borders of nations and territories to keep people out. Each print details a specific border barrier in the world today, based on documentary photos, texts, and reports.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The technique combines drypoint etching and relief printmaking. Drawings are scratched into a rectangular plexiglass plate using an etching needle and abrasive tools. A thick ink is then spread on the scratched surface and wiped clean, leaving ink in the abrasions. Finally, the plate is pressed on paper with a manual etching press. Surrounding details are omitted to portray the razor wire, cement, and steel with visceral immediacy. An impression of landscape and sky are evoked with an under-printing of wood grain patterns. In some prints, printed window screen creates the impression of chain link. The prints, each unique in detail yet similar in composition, bear witness to the violent policies of exclusion and lack of concern for the lives of people on the move.</span></p> Pamela Dodds Copyright (c) 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 55 65 10.18357/bigr51202421809 Introduction: What is Border Renaissance? <p class="p1">This issue investigates the return to borders, gauging the impact of this recent renaissance of borders in political and media discourses and cultural representations of borders and borderlands. The geographical focus of the individual papers lies primarily on Europe with brief references to North America and Asia. Zooming in on questions of recent border conflicts, tensions, and struggles, on the one hand, and questions of identity, language practices, and forms of belonging, on the other, the essays highlight border rebirth and revival, also presenting new research on recent developments in territorial/spatial and cultural border studies. Coming from a wide variety of disciplines, such as geography, cultural studies, literature, linguistics, and political sciences, the authors explore the renewed interest in borders and the many instances of borderizations.</p> Astrid Fellner Eva Nossem Copyright (c) 2024 Astrid Fellner, Eva Nossem 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 68 77 10.18357/bigr51202421521 Border Renaissance in a Time of Border Perplexity? The Question of Renaissance/Renascence in a Post-Globalization World <p class="p1">This essay explores questions of why and how there can be a border renaissance in a time of border profusion and confusion. Are we simply witnessing border renascence, a revival of the statist boundary, despite globalization? Or is the renaissance of the border new growth arising from incomprehension of the border in the 21st century? With reference to research in North America, Southeast Asia, and Europe, this article examines the entangled state of the border to discern what is unaccountable from what is complicated and to differentiate rebirth and revival of classical border thinking from that which addresses the perplexity of borders. In my view, a renaissance in border studies flirts with a return to the archaic through definition and explication of borders everywhere. A true renaissance in border studies must confront the entangled state as process, spirit, style, form, and other influences at once rooted in the classical and portrayed and performed in a post-globalization era of border rediscovery. The goal of this essay is to confront the notion of border renaissance, not to diminish the concept, but to reveal the fuller meaning and impact of border rebirth and revival.</p> Victor Konrad Copyright (c) 2024 Victor Konrad 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 78 91 10.18357/bigr51202421508 European Border Region Studies in Times of Borderization: Overview of the Problem and Perspectives <p class="p1">Since at least the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, the role of borders could no longer be overlooked. This global development has also penetrated the European border regions along with the virus. There, European border region studies is now confronted with events that it has thus far hardly had to deal with. This article addresses such events and elaborates on the interplay of borderization and deborderization processes in the context of “covidfencing”. For this purpose, social negotiation processes of border closures in the Greater Region SaarLorLux and in the German–Polish border area are discussed as “people’s resilience”. This article considers how European border region studies can deal with events and questions in times of borderization. Drawing on international border studies, the research agenda can be extended to everyday cultural issues. In addition, the common concept of borders can be adjusted in order to make the border more accessible as a subject of everyday cultural negotiations.&nbsp;</p> <p class="p1">Keywords: COVID-19, covidfencing, border, borderization, deborderization, cross-border commuters, border studies, everyday culture, bordering, resilience.</p> Christian Wille Copyright (c) 2024 Christian Wille 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 92 100 10.18357/bigr51202421528 The Resurrection of Borders Inside of the Schengen Area and its Media Representations <p class="p1">The bordering processes inside of the Schengen Area are traditionally under the scrutiny of border studies scholars. The European Union has been repeatedly displayed as a laboratory for a free cross-border movement, often with synonyms like an ostensibly borderless area (Scott 2012). This so-called Schengen culture (Zaiotti 2011) developed due to intensifying cross-border contact and integration between EU member states. However, in the decade between 2010 and 2020 this Schengen culture has been repeatedly challenged by the geopolitical crises and nationalistic political narratives and decisions. This study concentrates on this debate about borders in the selected European news. The analysis of news articles from six newspapers (Mladá fronta, Hospodá<span class="s1">ř</span>ské noviny, Le Figaro, Le Monde, Der Standard, and Die Presse) shows how the context of the border debate evolved under the impact of migration crises and coronavirus crisis. Throughout the decade of the 2010s, this study witnesses the gradual securitization of borders inside of the EU and illustrates how the symbolic language and various narratives contributed to this development.</p> Ondřej Elbel Copyright (c) 2024 Ondřej Elbel 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 101–112 101–112 10.18357/bigr51202421522 Bordering Inclusion and Exclusion in the Discourses of Marine Le Pen and Eric Zemmour <p class="p1">This paper focuses on the discursive construction of borders and discourses of exclusion and inclusion in French right-wing populist discourse. It elaborates on the idea of the politicization of borders in contemporary political communication and their symbolic meaning as an expression of national sovereignty, security, and identity. Using the approach of discourse analysis, the author investigates how bordering discourses were employed by Marine Le Pen and Eric Zemmour during the 2022 presidential campaign. The empirical analysis focuses on the parties’ programs, candidates’ discourses, and their social media communication. This offers valuable insights into how political actors construct borders and shape ‘us’ and ‘them’ groups.</p> <p class="p1">Keywords: populism, discourse analysis, borders, othering, inclusion, exclusion.</p> Alina Mozolevska Copyright (c) 2024 Alina Mozolevska 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 113–124 113–124 10.18357/bigr51202421532 Un/Certain Borderlands: Multimodal Discourses of Border Renaissance in Polish and German Media <p class="p1">Since geopolitical crises accelerate migration from warzones or places of forced cultural homogeneity, we can notice an increasing meaning of borders today in a changing society, not only in Western but also in Eastern Europe and in-between. At the same time, findings from interdisciplinary border research emphasize precarious phenomena of ‘uncertainty’ or ‘in-between-ness’ and hybridity, suggesting that borders have a ‘liminal quality’. In the emblematic case study on re/bordering at the German–Polish borderland, traits of a renaissance of the border and territorial un/certainty, mean irritation in space, cultures, and forms of belonging. In developing discursive practices in time such as symbolic and socio-spatial phenomena of demarcation, exclusion, and transformation, this report refers to empirical phenomena like the “Rosary to the border” and “LGBT-free zones” in Poland or the “Willkommenskultur” in Germany. It juxtaposes interpretive reciprocal patterns of borders, like ‘fear’ and ‘irony’ that weave a tapestry of un/certainty. These examples show how the Polish–German borderland is affected by re/bordering practices without necessarily being geographically close to it and therefore show its liminal quality.</p> Kamil Bembnista Copyright (c) 2024 Kamil Bembnista 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 125–138 125–138 10.18357/bigr51202421523 Bordering Democracies, Democratising Borders <p class="p1">Over the past 30 years, border scholars have written extensively on what borders are, where they are located, and how they operate, not just to critically understand their changing role, but also to criticise and denounce their violence and discrimination. Yet borders continue to proliferate, in particular as a response to alleged crises affecting Europe. If borders have always constituted markers of social and cultural identity, the more recent process of European re-bordering, I argue, constitutes a challenge for the democratic system as a whole. Implemented by left-wing and right-wing parties alike, this process seems indeed to have been taken away from public discourse and treated as a technical necessity to solve the crises. Far from being neutral or non-political, however, it has disclosed new forms of racial discrimination, political and economic power, and colonial violence. In order to substantiate my argument, I will 1) provide a brief examination of the recent changes in the concept and practice of democracy, as well as their interrelations with the process of European re-bordering, 2) investigate the socio-political and economic conditions under which the current process of European re-bordering has come about, with particular attention to the increasing role of media and political discourses in shaping public opinion, and 3) discuss the repercussions of the process of European re-bordering on the democratic system. The article will conclude by inviting scholars, civil society members, and any interested party to open up a more open and democratic debate around the unequal and discriminatory practices of bordering.</p> Marco Mogiani Copyright (c) 2024 Marco Mogiani 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 5 1 139–150 139–150 10.18357/bigr51202421520 Britain’s Imperial Past and Contemporary Borders in Adichie’s Americanah and Zadie Smith’s ‘Fences’ <p class="p1">Recent literary works draw attention to the multifaceted legacy of Britain’s imperial past, not only but including its impact on current UK border practices. The works of postcolonial and Black British authors illustrate especially strongly that the spatial epistemologies of empire are still prevalent in twenty-first century border debates. This article engages with Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie’s <em>Americanah</em> (2013) and Zadie Smith’s essay “Fences” (2016) as literary works that negotiate UK border practices both before and after Brexit. They draw attention to the intersections of empire, race, gender, and class in the recent resurgence of British bordering practices and emphasize the necessity to make visible both contemporary and historical borders in the UK in order to come to terms with the underlying colonial epistemologies of many border practices.</p> Kirsten Sandrock Copyright (c) 2024 Kirsten Sandrock 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 5 1 151–158 151–158 10.18357/bigr51202421527