Borders in Globalization Review https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview <p><em>BIG_Review</em>&nbsp;provides an open-access forum for academic and creative explorations of the changing logics of borders in the 21st century.&nbsp;Our interest is advancing high-quality and original works in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, that explore various aspects of borders in an increasingly globalized world. The journal is committed to peer review, public access, policy relevance, and cultural significance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a></span>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) that allows others to copy and redistribute the material, to remix, transform and bulid upon the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a></span>).</li> <li class="show">Artists may discuss alternative copyrights with the editors.&nbsp;&nbsp; <div id="copyrightNotice" class="copyright_notice">&nbsp;</div> <div id="privacyStatement" class="privacy_statement">&nbsp;</div> </li> </ul> ebrunetj@uvic.ca (Dr. E. Brunet-Jailly) press@uvic.ca (UVic Libraries ePublishing Services) Tue, 03 Dec 2019 17:27:38 -0800 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Letter of Introduction https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19310 Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly, Michael J Carpenter ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19310 Wed, 04 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Writings on the Wall: Textual Traces of Transit in the Aegean Borderscape https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19243 <p class="p2">The Greek island of Lesvos has a centuries-old history as a site of departure, arrival, coexistence and resistance for the forcibly displaced. This migratory chronology, however, was overwritten by the unprecedented attention that Lesvos attracted during the 2015 ‘refugee crisis’. This paper examines vernacular aspects of bordering, specifically the practice of border crossers and other groups standing in solidarity with—or against—them, to inscribe messages on walls in and around carceral and public spaces, viewed as a process of constructing and contesting borders from below. Closely reading numerous inscriptions collected around Lesvos reveals how borders are constructed, enacted and contested from below through borderlanders’ discursive practices on some of the very walls that constitute the EU frontier’s material infrastructure. This study aims to advance understandings of the historical continuity of the Aegean borderscape as a complex landscape of border effects and affects that exceed borders’ legal, infrastructural and political dimensions, while also highlighting the persistence and importance of personal agency, self-authorship and identity reclamation by border populations even in the direst of circumstances.</p> Ioanna Wagner Tsoni, Anja K. Franck ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19243 Sun, 17 Nov 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Bordering the Future? The ‘Male Gaze’ in the Blade Runner Films and Originating Novel https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19244 <p class="p1">Philip K. Dick (1928-1982), author of numerous science fiction narratives from the 1950s-1980s, some of which Hollywood made into films, grappled with the nature of reality, the meaning of humanness, and border crossing between humans and androids (called ‘replicants’ in the films). The socially constructed female and male protagonists in these narratives have yet to be analyzed with a gender gaze that draws on border studies. This paper analyzes two Blade Runner films, compares them to the Philip K. Dick (PKD) narrative, and applies gender, feminist, and border concepts, particularly border crossings from human to sentient beings and androids. In this paper, I argue that the men who wrote and directed the films established and crossed multiple metaphoric borders, but wore gender blinders that thereby reinforced gendered borders as visualized and viewed in the U.S. and global film markets yet never addressed the profoundly radical border crossing notions from PKD.</p> Kathleen Staudt ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19244 Sun, 17 Nov 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Mobile Youth and Belonging in the Gulf: A Study of Dubai https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19249 <p class="p1">The rapid economic growth in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region has enticed flocks of expatriates from all over the world to the region in hopes of attaining a better quality of life. These expats often migrate with their spouses and children in tow bringing to light a new challenge for the Arab world: mobile youth. This research aims to find if the journey ‘home’ (repatriation) plays a role in developing these mobile children’s sense of belonging to a ‘home’, and if so, to which ‘home’. In order to do this, the research will conduct a theoretical analysis of these mobile youth born or raised within the Gulf by analysing one-on-one structured interviews through the lens of the theory of belonging, and the study of language and culture. This research concludes that in fact, mobile youth build their sense of belonging in relation to multiple ‘homes’ and not just to their ‘adopted’ or ‘parental’ home.</p> Sitwat Azhar Hashmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19249 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Cross-Border Cooperation in the Carpathian Euroregion: Ukraine and the EU https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19258 <p>Cross-border cooperation among the Eastern neighbours of the European Union can be understood as a new approach to public policy and border governance in the region. There was no border cooperation strategy between communist and European countries during Soviet times. The question of the management of the Eastern border of the EU, especially with Belarus, Ukraine, and Moldova, came on the agenda in 1997, when accession to the union was finally opened to Eastern and Southern European candidates. With the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement that came into force in 1998, Ukraine signalled its foreign policy orientation as European, asserting that Western integration would help modernize its economy, increase living standards, and strengthen democracy and rule of law. The European Commission required “good neighbourly relations” as a further condition for accession and in conjunction, the concept of “Wider Europe” was proposed to set up border-transcending tasks. The Carpathian Euroregion was established to contribute to strengthening the friendship and prosperity of the countries of this region. However, the model was not fully understood and had only limited support of the national governments. This article uses the Carpathian Euroregion as a case study to show that overall Ukraine and the EU’s Eastern neighbourhood presents more opportunities for effective cooperation with the EU rather than barriers or risks.</p> Tatiana Shaban ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19258 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:18:52 -0800 Aztlán: From Mythos to Logos in the American Southwest https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19041 <p class="p2">This article advances the idea of “Aztlán” as a hybrid border identity that developed over time from ancient myth into a complex mode of social and political ontology. The cultural symbol of Aztec mythology was once the homeland of the Aztec people and eventually served a role in Aztec philosophy, functioning as truth for peoples throughout time, as seen in both Latin American and American philosophy and literature. It also helped the mixed-race Chicano/a population resist complete Americanization into the contemporary period, through the reclamation of original myth into a geopolitical homeland. The theory of “double hybridization,” similar to “double colonization,” must be further assessed and taken into consideration as the natural progression and understanding of Aztlán and border identity.</p> Toni Muñoz-Hunt ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19041 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:30:29 -0800 Borders and the Feasibility of Rebel Conflict https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19259 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Contemporary spatial research on civil conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa has largely focused on border regions as spaces of limited political and economic opportunity. These studies largely adopt approaches that present borderlands as institutionally desolate regions lacking in governance, economic opportunity and political inclusion and giving rise to the feasibility of rebel conflict. While spatial analyses focus on territorially-based capabilities, such as state power projection, they typically overlook borderlands and their territorial distinctiveness with regards to rebel capabilities. This paper specifically explores the structural effects of borders on rebel capabilities and argues that Sub-Saharan Africa’s porous borders enhance the capabilities of rebels to operate in nearby territories. I empirically test this hypothesis with a zero-inflated negative binomial model and spatially disaggregated conflict events data from the Armed Conflict Location &amp; Event Data Project dataset mapped to the PRIO-GRID 0.5-degree x 0.5-degree geographic data structure. In total, the analysis covers 14,120 georeferenced rebel conflict events in 37 countries between 1997-2019. The results provide strong evidence that territories nearer to borders are likely to experience more battle events relative to other territories, suggesting that borderlands may enable distinct conflict-related capabilities for rebels not found elsewhere. Additionally, the model also differentiates the effects that the border may have on conflict, testing the effect of rough terrain, resources, excluded groups, and towns at the border. Of the variables tested, the results suggest that territories with border towns significantly increase the capabilities of rebels to engage in conflict and suggest a more nuanced scholarly consideration of cross-border institutions that facilitate rebel conflict.</span></p> Lance Hadley ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19259 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:40:21 -0800 Making Precarious: The Construction of Precarity in Refugee and Migrant Discourse https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19265 <p class="p1">&nbsp;</p> <p class="p2">In popular media, and sometimes even in academia, people in movement across borders are described as “precarious”; their lives are precarious, their journeys are precarious, their existence is one of precarity. Yet, precarity is not—and never has been—an emergent property of people or their actions. Precarity is a function of the state. It is the state which defines precarity through policy, action (and inaction), and which inscribes that precarity onto those bodies it wishes to regulate. By attaching the label of precarity to migrants and refugees, rather than by describing the actions of states as “making precarious,” discourse obfuscates the disciplinary and normative powers of the state, both at its borders and throughout its area of control. By examining the experiences of non-binary, queer, and trans migrants at Canadian points of entry, and through a critical examination of the literature surrounding the concept of precarity, this paper argues that state interactions with vulnerable people in motion across borders constitute a claims-making process by which bodies are a) <em>made precarious</em>, and b) made into objects for moral regulation and discipline. Bodies in motion across borders are an empirical reality, but their precarity is constructed, reified by the state, and their existence subject to a normative discourse which paints them as threats to be regulated or repelled, or objects of humanitarian concern.</p> Edwin Hodge ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19265 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 01:44:00 -0800 Moving Atlas (artist portfolio) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19269 <p>Using the language of maps, I take on the role of cartographer by tracing emotions, sensations, perceptions and the unchartered realms of my imagination associated with being a person of an ever changing diaspora. Using acrylic paints, paper collage and charcoal on canvas and paper, I rearticulate the practice of mapping by drawing from the landscapes of my memory and imagination. This allows me to temporarily orient myself in this vast world while venturing beyond the boundaries of geography to examine the contradictions between the nature of our imagination and physical boundaries.</p> Karen Yen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19269 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:40:10 -0800 Borderlander (poem) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19270 Amanda Merritt ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19270 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:41:37 -0800 vagabond wind | sans-papiers (poems) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19271 Natasha Sardzoska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19271 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:42:35 -0800 Hours of the Desert (poem) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19272 Roxanne Lynne Doty ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19272 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:43:22 -0800 Some Consideration on the Aesthetics of the Geopolitical Wall https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19266 <p class="p2">The wall object becomes the subject of the border. The artistic interpretation enlightens us about its evolution but also of the danger of a flattening of the perception. The walled solution of a boundary reveals only the tip of the iceberg of a complex geopolitical articulation. The danger of a fantasized hyperreality, became sensationalist, it can be captured by contemporary artists and inform us of the state of the so-called globalized world.</p> Elisa Ganivet ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19266 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:00:47 -0800 Understanding Aterritorial Borders through a BIG Reading of Agnew’s Globalization and Sovereignty https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19267 <p class="p2">This essay advances the emerging idea of ‘aterritorial borders’ through an argument by analogy with a recent publication by a leading political theorist.</p> Michael J Carpenter ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19267 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 01:58:41 -0800 La « frontière » selon Paul de La Pradelle https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19268 <p class="p1">Auteur indispensable sur la « frontière », Paul de Geouffre de La Pradelle est connu pour sa théorie juridique originale. L’auteur fait la distinction entre la « délimitation » (qui est une ligne) et la « frontière » (qui est une zone de coopération). Il différencie également ce qu’il nomme la « frontière nationale » (« objet d’étude du droit public interne ») et la « frontière internationale » (« objet d’étude du droit international public et privé »).</p> Benjamin Perrier ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19268 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:06:46 -0800 Sleep Dealer: Re-appropriating Migrant Labor Power (film review) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19273 Daniela Johannes ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19273 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:45:05 -0800 The Border on TV: What’s so Fascinating about Crimes at the Border? (film review) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19274 Martin Klatt ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19274 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:45:57 -0800 Kashmir as a Borderland: The Politics of Space and Belonging across the Line of Control (book review) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19275 Saleh Shahriar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19275 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:46:53 -0800 Border Politics in a Global Era: Comparative Perspectives (book review) https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19276 Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/bigreview/article/view/19276 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 02:49:57 -0800