Exploring the Rise and Fall of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
AbstractIn July 2013, the Egyptian military under the leadership of Abdel Fattah el Sisi unceremoniously removed the President of Egypt Mohammad Morsi from the office of President. This event marked the end of the Muslim Brotherhood short reign in power from June 2012 to July 2013. Broadly speaking, this paper examines the rise and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, advancing the argument that the very same ideologies, experiences, and decision-making of the Brotherhood that enabled it to gain prominence during the late 20th century set the groundwork for its struggles and ultimate failure under Morsi’s rule. In the process of making this argument, I discuss the prevailing themes of the conflict between religiosity and secularity as well as political authoritarianism.
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