The Corvette <p>The Corvette is a peer-reviewed undergraduate history journal seeking to publish the best scholarship produced by University of Victoria students concerning the past. We are interested in all methods and fields of inquiry.<br><br><strong>PLEASE SUBMIT ALL ESSAYS BY EMAIL:&nbsp; after reviewing the <a href="" target="_self">submission guidelines here</a>.</strong></p> University of Victoria en-US The Corvette 2291-5001 <p style="background: white none repeat scroll 0% 0%; line-height: 140%;"><span style="line-height: 140%;">Authors contributing to the <em>The Corvette</em> agree to release their articles under the </span><span style="line-height: 140%;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: purple;">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported</span></a><span style="color: black;"> license. This licence allows anyone to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it for non-commercial purposes provided that appropriate attribution is given, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. </span></span></p> <p style="background: white none repeat scroll 0% 0%; line-height: 140%;"><span style="line-height: 140%;">Authors retain copyright of their work and grant the journal right of first publication.</span></p> <p style="background: white none repeat scroll 0% 0%; line-height: 140%;"><span style="line-height: 115%;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</span></p> Full Issue Journal Manager ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 Hamilton: An American Elitist An unexpected cultural phenomenon, Lin Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton: An American Musical brought Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton back into the public eye over 200 years after his death. This paper inquires as to whether Hamilton accurately depicts the political beliefs of its titular character. It also explores the ways in which Hamilton can help us understand the relationship between individuals, social power, and our conceptualizations of the past. In doing so, it concludes that the show fails to address the elitist ideas that saturated Hamilton’s political theory. Consequently, it argues that Hamilton projects contemporary values onto a historical figure and supports the highly contentious Great Man Theory of History. Amanda Engel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 1 11 Exploring the Rise and Fall of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt In July 2013, the Egyptian military under the leadership of Abdel Fattah el Sisi unceremoniously removed the President of Egypt Mohammad Morsi from the office of President. This event marked the end of the Muslim Brotherhood short reign in power from June 2012 to July 2013. Broadly speaking, this paper examines the rise and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, advancing the argument that the very same ideologies, experiences, and decision-making of the Brotherhood that enabled it to gain prominence during the late 20th century set the groundwork for its struggles and ultimate failure under Morsi’s rule. In the process of making this argument, I discuss the prevailing themes of the conflict between religiosity and secularity as well as political authoritarianism. Avishka Lakwijaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 12 25 Conscription, Communal Life, and Conflict: The Soldatka as a reluctant social disruptor in Alison K. Smith’s “Authority in a Serf Village” Between 1705 and 1825, two million Russian peasants were recruited to spend their remaining lifetime in the Imperial army. Once a soldier left the village he was unlikely to be heard from again, but a soldier’s wife, a soldatka, was also thrust into an unenviable role: a single woman with no prospects of remarriage could scarcely be lower in the village social order. This study follows the aftermath of an 1819 recruitment levy in the village of Chmutovo, Kostroma Province using archival correspondence translated and presented in Alison K. Smith’s “Authority in a Serf Village: Peasants, Managers, and the Role of Writing in Early Nineteenth Century Russia.” This microhistory illustrates the larger themes of gender, authority, patronage, and communal responsibility which might emerge in any discussion of Imperial Russian social history. However, it is the unique voice of the soldatka - who Beatrice Farnsworth called “The quintessential outsider in a community based on married couples,” - and the shifting attitudes of others towards her that reveal unexpected dynamics in village life. Pier Olivia Brown ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 26 36 Martyr or Murderer: Mewa Singh and the Assassination of William C. Hopkinson This paper investigates the role of subjectivity in historical writing by highlighting the ambiguities, lacunae, and incommensurable accounts found in the archival records of a case from early twentieth-century British Columbia: the assassination of immigration agent William C. Hopkinson by Sikh Vancouverite Mewa Singh in the aftermath of the Komagata Maru incident of 1914. Emerging from within a period of extreme anti-Asian agitation in British Columbia, the archival documents surrounding Hopkinson’s assassination are racially charged and bifurcated along the lines of the concurrent antagonism between the Sikh community and government officials in Vancouver. Through these documents, Mewa Singh can be cast as either a cold-blooded murderer or a martyr standing up for the dignity of his community. As an exercise in critical reflexivity, this paper holds open a space for the ambiguity of the past and argues for the social significance of historians as self-aware storytellers and meaning-makers. Erin Chewter ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 37 56 Slingshots and Game Controllers: Video Games within Middle Eastern Conflicts This essay will place a series of Middle Eastern-made video games into the political and military conflicts in which they are played. In contrast to scholarship focusing on how video games represent and narrate colonial and post-colonial reality onscreen, this paper will focus on how video games relate to their (Middle Eastern) players’ lived experiences of ongoing conflicts such as the Arab-Israeli conflict and the global “War on Terror.” This paper will survey a selection of six primary video games, all participating in the aforementioned conflicts: two by the Islamic State’s online supporters, two by the Syrian developer Afkar Media, and another two by Lebanon’s Hezbollah. This selection contains games which serve a variety of political languages, whether colonial-imperial, anti-imperial, or post-colonial. This paper intends to show how the political character of these games is tightly bound to the local context of the playership, in ways that turn games into propaganda. This essay seeks to challenge a Euro-American, middle-class ideal in video game studies that treats gameplay as escapism—giving excitement to players who are otherwise disconnected from the world of politics. Consequently, historical video games, divorced from reality, are measured by how well (or poorly) they simulate a past or present. Increasing the focus on video games’ meaning within some Middle Eastern gamers’ highly politicized social worlds could permit video game studies to open itself up to both global politics and specific regional histories. Callum McDonald ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 58 75 ‘Imprudent Sluts’ & ‘Sober Gentlemen’: Testimonial Injustice in Rape Trials at the Old Bailey, 1720-1742 This article examines the role of gender in the testimony, character and credibility of the plaintiffs and defendants in rape trials in early modern England. I will argue that the emerging eighteenth-century culture of sensibility did not contribute to increased rulings in favor of women in rape trials as women’s perceived sexual character was used as a proxy for their moral character and was weaponized as evidence against them in rape trials. To do this, I will draw from feminist philosopher Miranda Fricker’s work on testimonial injustice. Testimonial injustice “occurs when a speaker is given less credibility than deserved [...] because of an identity prejudice held by the hearer.” I argue that early modern England rape trials exemplify testimonial injustices as they indicate that women’s testimonies were not afforded equal weight, and suffered less favorable legal outcomes due to the particularly gendered and circumstantial natures of the crime. These trials deserve historiographic attention to attempt to address these historical testimonials injustices and correct – or at least question – what historical documents have preserved as facts. Camille Haisell ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 76 89 Forging the Crown Jewel: The Creation of Stanley Park Stanley Park is a well-loved park just past the downtown core of Vancouver. Like all parks, Stanley Park had to be created by many people across generations. Stanley Park opened in 1888 after years of planning. During this planning stage, the government retroactively established provenance for the park and began unsettling its many residents. Over the decades, authorities relocated residents in the peninsula; removed skeletons from burial grounds; turned the park into a tinder-box through sloppy roadwork; and removed numerous flora and fauna to fit Stanley Park within a specific image of the Pacific Northwestern locale. Most recently, authorities placed freestanding poles from other nations in the park to manufacture an Indigenous presence that fit within a specific visage. Employing the research of local historians Sean Kheraj and Jean Barman among other academics, this paper will recount and analyse the development of Stanley Park. Particular attention is dedicated to the ways in which municipal and federal governments removed and remade Indigeneity in the park. It is clear through this research that the constructed nature of Stanley Park undermines the overall image presented to locals and tourists. Janine Carmel Rzeplinski ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 90 98 Pictures of Health: Gendered Medical Advertising in the Daily Colonist from 1867 to 1917 Canadian perceptions of gender radically shifted between the formation of the Dominion in 1867 and the end of the First World War in 1918. While Victorian gender ideals grew increasingly unstable as new roles for men and women appeared, such as the suffragette, the new woman, and the shell-shocked soldier, Canadians grew anxious over the gendered health of men and women. Alongside these social developments, this period also saw the mass-proliferation of advertisements in Canadian newspapers, many of which exploited contemporary concerns over men’s and women’s physical and mental health to sell their products. In the following essay, I will examine health advertisements in eight issues of the Daily Colonist (Victoria’s most popular newspaper in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century) published between 1867 and 1917, paying particular attention to three types of health ads: ads for patent medicine, ads for medical practitioners, and non-medical ads for health-preserving products. I argue that these gendered medical advertisements are uniquely positioned to help us understand late-nineteenth- and early twentieth-century gender dynamics precisely due to their role in both responding to and shaping gender ideals. Robert Steele ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 6 1 99 113