YOUNG ADULTS’ EXPERIENCES WITH NEAR-INJURY SITUATIONS: A CRITICAL INCIDENT STUDY IN SWEDEN

Richard Allan Dale, Annette Sverker, Marie Hasselberg, Gunnel Östlund, Gunnel Hensing

Abstract


As injuries are the main health threat for young adults (18–29 years) in industrial countries, a better understanding of injury risk is needed for this population. Using the Critical Incident Technique, this study explores how young people experience situations that have the potential to cause physical injury (i.e., near-injury situations). Clearly, understanding how and why near-injury situations arise can be used to develop strategies to help prevent severe injury. Content analysis was used to categorize the characteristics of the experiences into unexpected risk in ordinary tasks, duty first, and price for learning. Young adults’ exposures to new or unusual environmental conditions, especially in unexpected risk in ordinary tasks, should be considered when planning injury prevention strategies. A combination of individual, social, and contextual demands and expectations was identified in both work- and sports-related experiences with near-injury situations. The price for learning, which arises from the added risk involved in learning situations, is another condition that was identified and requires further attention. The Critical Incident Technique proved to be a useful method for identifying near-injury situations that might otherwise have been difficult to recall. Young adults’ efforts to display their ability to handle difficult situations at work and in their everyday lives was identified as a major contributor to near-injury situations.

Keywords


young adults; lived experiences; near-injury; Critical Incident Technique; qualitative study

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs81201716855



Copyright (c) 2017 Richard Allan Dale, Annette Sverker, Marie Hasselberg, Gunnel Östlund, Gunnel Hensing

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International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies

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