RESPONSES TO ADVERSITY FACED BY FARMING MEN: A GENDER-TRANSFORMATIVE ANALYSIS

  • Philippe Roy Université du Quebec à Chicoutimi
  • Émilie Duplessis-Brochu Université de Montreal
  • Gilles Tremblay Laval University
Keywords: gender, masculinities, men’s health, social responses, rural, farmers

Abstract

The values that characterize the traditional and stereotypical image of rural masculinity put pressure on farming men to engage with risky behaviours, both physical and mental, and reduce their willingness to seek help. This paper investigates individual and social responses to adversity, under the lenses of response-based practice and gender-transformative health promotion. Our method is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with 32 farming men and 2 focus group interviews with 14 experts on men’s health, farming, and rural social work. Results suggest gender is negotiated through individual and social responses to adversity, with fluid transitions between conformity and resistance with regard to traditional masculinity. Individual responses to adversity can include negative or positive coping strategies. Social responses can be supportive, or they can be marginalizing, such as the devaluation of farming. For farmers facing adversity, there is a disparity in social support, with communal solidarity being evident in a material crisis, but not in a personal one. Some community-based responses are highlighted for their ability to support farming men in coping with adversity.

Author Biographies

Philippe Roy, Université du Quebec à Chicoutimi
Associate Professor and Lecturer, Social Work
Émilie Duplessis-Brochu, Université de Montreal
graduated Master’s student, School of Social Work
Gilles Tremblay, Laval University
professor, School of Social Work and Criminology
Published
2019-02-14