PARENTAL BELIEFS ABOUT THEIR CHILDREN’S EXPRESSION OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONS: REEXAMINING THE FACTORIAL STRUCTURE OF TWO MEASURES AND THEIR DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY

  • Carlos Carona Coimbra University
  • Helena Moreira Coimbra University
  • Ana Fonseca Coimbra University
Keywords: emotion beliefs, parents, children, emotional expression, questionnaires

Abstract

The Display of Negative Emotions scale and The Social Consequences Of Negative Emotions scale are two understudied questionnaires that assess parents’ emotion beliefs about their children’s expression of negative emotions. Therefore, the aims of this study were to ascertain the factorial structure of both questionnaires, to reexamine the internal consistency of each instrument’s scales, and to assess the age- and gender-related discriminant validity of the measures. The two questionnaires were administered by a web-based survey to a sample of 253 Portuguese mothers with children of elementary school age (6–12 years). A two-factor solution (expression of submissive emotions, expression of dominant emotions) was preferred for the first questionnaire, and a single-factor solution emerged for the second questionnaire. Both measures revealed good internal consistency, but while the former was able to identify gender differences, the latter discriminated between age groups. The simultaneous use of these questionnaires is recommended for an informative assessment of parents’ beliefs about their children’s expression of negative emotions.

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Author Biographies

Carlos Carona , Coimbra University

Researcher, clinician, and lecturer at the Centre for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Helena Moreira, Coimbra University

Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Ana Fonseca, Coimbra University

Post-doctoral researcher, Centre for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention

Published
2022-04-21
How to Cite
Carona , C., Moreira, H., & Fonseca, A. (2022). PARENTAL BELIEFS ABOUT THEIR CHILDREN’S EXPRESSION OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONS: REEXAMINING THE FACTORIAL STRUCTURE OF TWO MEASURES AND THEIR DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 13(1), 82-97. https://doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs131202220659