• Varda R. Mann-Feder Concordia University
Keywords: transitions to adulthood from care, care leaving, Canada


This introduction to the special issue provides an overview of the status of transitions from care in Canada. Currently, few statistics are collected on youth in and from care and regional disparities contribute to a comparatively low level of services overall, as well as a fragmented approach to policies outlining the rights of  those who have grown up in government care. The contributions in the issue exemplify the growing interest in care leaving research and theory building in Canada, as well as the significant advocacy provided by care-experienced youth leaders , all of which augur well for the future of care leaving across the country.


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Author Biography

Varda R. Mann-Feder, Concordia University

Professor, Department of Applied Human Sciences


Bernstein, M. (2016). Honouring the twenty-fifth anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Transforming child welfare in Canada into a stronger child rights-based system. In H. Montgomery, D. Badry, D. Fuch, & T. Kikulwe ( Eds.), Transforming child welfare: Interdisciplinary practices, field education and research (pp. 3–26). University of Regina Press.

Bounajm, F., Beckman, K., & Thériault, L. (2014). Success for all: Investing in the future of Canadian children in care [Briefing]. Conference Board of Canada. https://untilthelastchild.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/5949-success-for-all-br-rev.pdf

Bowie, A., Hamid, J., & Murphy, C. (2021). Aging out without a safety net: Addressing the economic insecurity of young women aging out of the child welfare system. Adoption Council Canada. https://www.permanency.ca/aging-out-without-a-safety-net

Doucet, M. & Mann-Feder, V. (2021). Supporting equitable transitions to adulthood for youth in care in Canada [Policy brief]. Child Welfare League of Canada (CWLC). https://7f9b59af-af92-41cd-8e6c-aa2870f170de.filesusr.com/ugd/f54667_c48b4dd596414b2088f9f18ea43407c6.pdf

Doucet, M., & National Council of Youth in Care Advocates. (2020). A long road paved with solutions: ‘Aging out’ of care reports in Canada (1987–2020). Key recommendations and timelines. Child Welfare League of Canada. https://f54667c7-b33a-4709-8cba-66716a068b2d.usrfiles.com/ugd/f54667_5affe7ad46fe40448cd15cda8e390e80.pdf

Kovarikova, J. (2017). Exploring youth outcomes after aging out of care. Provincial Advocate Children and Youth, Ontario. https://cwrp.ca/publications/exploring-youth-outcomes-after-aging-out-care

Nichols, N., Schwan, K., Gaetz.S., Redman, M., French, D., Kidd, S. A., & O’Grady, B. (2017). Child welfare and youth homelessness in Canada: A proposal for action. Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Prevention. https://www.homelesshub.ca/resource/child-welfare-and-youth-homelessness-canada-proposal-action

Saint-Girons, M., Trocmé, N., Esposito, T., & Fallon, B. (2020). Children in out-of-home care in Canada in 2019 [CWRP Information Sheet #211E]. Canadian Child Welfare Portal. https://cwrp.ca/publications/children-out-home-care-canada-2019

Sansone, G., Fallon, B., Miller, S. P., Birken, C., Denburg, A., Jenkins, J., Levine, J., Mishna, F., Sokolowski, M., & Stewart., S. (2020). Children aging out of care. Policy Bench, Fraser Mustard Institute of Human Development, University of Toronto. https://hdl.handle.net/1807/107931

Shubert, A. (2019). Supporting youth aging out of government care with their transition tocollege. The Organizational Improvement Plan at Western University (no. 100). https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/oip/100

Strahl, B., van Breda, A. D., Mann-Feder, V., & Schröer, W. (2020) A multinational comparison of care-leaving policy and legislation. Journal of International Comparative Social Policy, 37(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1017/ics.2020.26

Sukumaran, S. (2021). Improving outcomes for youth transitioning out of care: An analysis of Canada’s transition programs [Major research paper, University of Ottawa]. https://ruor.uottawa.ca/handle/10393/42640

Trocmé, N., Roy, C., & Esposito, T. (2016). Building research capacity in child welfare in Canada. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 10, Article 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-016-0103-x

van Breda, A. D., Munro, E. R., Gilligan, R., Anghel, R., Harder, A., Incarnato, M., Mann-Feder, V., Rafaeli, T., Stohler, R., & Storø, J. (2020). Extended care: Global dialogue on policy, practice and research. Children and Youth Services Review, 119, Article 105596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105596

How to Cite
Mann-Feder, V. R. (2023). EDITORIAL: THE TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD FROM CARE IN CANADA. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 14(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs141202321281