• Paola A. Leal-Ferman Université de Montréal
  • Charlene Weight McGill University
  • Eric Latimer McGill University
Keywords: foster youth, transition out of care, transition programs, youth care leavers, Canada, transition to adulthood


Little research has been carried out on young people transitioning out of care in Canada. The objective of this paper was to describe and comment on the services provided to youth leaving care systems in Canada, with a focus on the four provinces with the largest populations (Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta). The Quebec government offers only one limited-access transition program, which has just been extended to age 25. Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta offer several transition programs, which include financial, education, and life skills components. In British Columbia, these offer support up to age 29. The 6 remaining provinces and the 3 territories offer support to a maximum age that ranges from 21 to 26. Most offer a general financial allowance, and some offer additional supports that can include a housing allowance, tuition waivers, and job training. British Columbia and Ontario offer the most supports, including medical assistance, tuition waivers, and mental health supports. Research is needed to find out which supports are most beneficial, and under which circumstances.


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Author Biographies

Paola A. Leal-Ferman, Université de Montréal

Research Assistant, Department of Biomedical Sciences

Charlene Weight, McGill University

Master of Epidemiology student, Department of Epidemiology

Eric Latimer, McGill University

Professor, Department of Psychiatry


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How to Cite
Leal-Ferman, P. A., Weight, C., & Latimer, E. (2023). PROGRAMS AND SERVICES OFFERED TO YOUNG PEOPLE TRANSITIONING OUT OF CARE IN CANADA: A LITERATURE REVIEW. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 14(1), 7-29.