International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 2019-12-06T11:38:07-08:00 Sibylle Artz, PhD Open Journal Systems <p><span style="color: #000000;">The <em>International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies</em> (IJCYFS) is a peer reviewed </span><span style="color: #000000;">open access, interdisciplinary, cross-national journal that is committed to scholarly excellence in the field of research about and services for children, youth, families and their communities.</span></p> Introduction 2019-12-06T11:38:07-08:00 Mohammed Abdel Karim Al-Hourani <p class="CYFSBody">I am thankful for the opportunity to produce this special issue on refugees in Jordan, and grateful to Professor Sibylle Artz, Editor of the <em>International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies</em>, who motivated and encouraged me. The issue includes four articles that focus in general on the problems and challenges that are encountered by Syrian youth and children who reside in Jordan either inside or outside the refugee camps there. Focusing on children and youth, both male and female, is important to the literature on Syrian refugees in Jordan because this age group has been neglected and overlooked by scholars since Syrian refugees first fled to Jordan in 2011. Furthermore, the challenges and problems of children are both culturally critical and morally sensitive, and that is why this special issue has extra importance. In Jordan’s conservative social and cultural environment, certain research topics relevant to the refugee camps are regarded as unlawful and prohibited: sexual harassment, underage marriage, child employment and exploitation, youth unemployment and deprivation, and other violations against children and youth.</p> 2019-11-26T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MANIFESTATIONS OF LIFEWORLD CRISIS AMONG SYRIAN MALE YOUTH IN JORDANIAN REFUGEE CAMPS 2019-11-26T15:42:47-08:00 Mohammed Abdel Karim Al-Hourani Abdel Baset Azzam Rania Jaber <p>This study explores manifestations of lifeworld crisis among a sample of 362 Syrian refugee male youth in the Za’atari camp in Jordan. It fills a gap in research about the conditions of Syrian refugees in the camps. The findings reveal that the first-rank manifestation of the crisis was psychological stress: participants reported feeling fearful, distrustful, absent-minded, threatened, and worried, and having difficulty falling asleep. Second, the youth suffered a lack of gratification with regard to food, money, comfortable accommodation, water for drinking and cleaning, health care, and clothes. Third, they had a loss of meaning in their lives, including loss of interest in surrounding events, of hope about the future, of motivation to do things, of quality of life, of friendships, and of freedom. Fourth, they suffered from anomie, which implies loss of respect for moral rules, rights, and regulations, and the loss of physical security, social stability, and human dignity. Coping strategies used by participants to overcome these circumstances included religiosity, belief in returning home, accepting the situation as representing God’s will, regarding the camp as the best alternative, and controlling their feelings.</p> 2019-11-26T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF SYRIAN FEMALE YOUTH IN JORDANIAN REFUGEE CAMPS 2019-11-26T16:16:51-08:00 Mohammed Abdel Karim Al-Hourani Abdel Baset Azzam Addison J. Mott <p class="CYFSAbstract">This study aimed at documenting the sexual harassment of Syrian female refugees in refugee camps in Jordan. A purposive sample of 187 Syrian female refugees in the Za’atari camp was selected. The results showed that the environment of the camp played an important role in motivating males to harass females owing to the weakness of the security measures and the lack of sanctions upon deviant behaviors. Our findings show that females were subjected to numerous forms of sexual harassment, including hearing sexual jokes and sexual expressions, and being subjected to suggestive looks, sexual letters, and unwanted touching. Additionally, our results revealed that participants responded to sexual harassment by keeping silent because they feared making their situation worse by provoking conflict within their families. This left the victims without protection or the chance to obtain justice.</p> 2019-11-26T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## IDENTITY CRISIS AND ASSIMILATION PROBLEMS AMONG SYRIAN REFUGEE WOMEN RESIDING OUTSIDE REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN 2019-11-26T15:42:47-08:00 Sahar al-Shar Muhammad al-Tarawneh <p>This article describes and analyzes the main problematic issues of social and cultural assimilation encountered by Syrian refugee women in Jordan who are not living in refugee camps, and the reasons for the identity crisis that these women experience. The data that provide this information were collected by means of semi-structured interviews from a sample of 50 of these women. The results show that most of the Syrian refugee women living outside the camps suffered from hardships that interfered with their social and cultural assimilation. There were few formal social relationships between refugee women and others in their milieu, and the refugees felt that there were distinct cultural differences in dialect, customs, and traditions between them and their Jordanian peers. The study shows that most of the participants were living in a state of social isolation resulting from identity crisis. It was difficult for them to develop a sense of belonging to the society of the country of asylum while being distracted both by day-to-day concerns and by their desire to return to their homeland. These factors limited their ability to develop good relations with the host community as a prelude to integration, assimilation, and social symmetry.</p> 2019-11-26T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## REFUGEE CHILDREN IN CRISIS: 2019-11-26T15:42:47-08:00 Ali Jameel Faleh Al-Sarayrah Haya Ali Falah Al Masalhah <p>This study aimed to identify the kinds of challenge encountered by Syrian refugee children who are living in Jordan but not in refugee camps. A sample of 120 Syrian refugee children residing in Amman provided the data for this study, which is based on a descriptive approach. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the data. We found that the main economic challenges faced by these children were low wages, labor exploitation, difficulties with paying back debts for their families, ongoing poverty, and the high cost of living in Jordan. Educational challenges were also largely economic and were mainly due to the high cost of education and the priority of work over school attendance. Health challenges too were economic and centered on the high cost of health care and the obstacles to obtaining medical insurance. Social challenges included lack of interpersonal bonds, an inability to form new friendships, and the absence of entertainment. This study suggests that providing financial support for Syrian refugee families consistent with the increasing cost of living in the hosting country would result in better lives for the Syrian children, as would creating job opportunities for heads of families in line with memoranda of agreement that Jordan has with international organizations. Further, public education for Syrian refugee children should be made free of charge, particularly in the elementary stages.</p> 2019-11-26T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##