International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs <p><span style="color: #000000;">The <em>International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies</em> (IJCYFS) is a peer reviewed </span><span style="color: #000000;">open access, interdisciplinary, cross-national journal that is committed to scholarly excellence in the field of research about and services for children, youth, their families and their communities.&nbsp;</span></p> School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria, B.C. Canada en-US International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 1920-7298 <p style="line-height: 140%; background: white;"><span style="line-height: 140%;">Authors contributing to the <em>International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies</em> agree to&nbsp;release their articles under the </span><span style="line-height: 140%;"><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: purple;">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 Unported</span></a><span style="color: black;"> license. This licence&nbsp;allows&nbsp;anyone to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it for non-commercial purposes provided that appropriate attribution is given, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. </span></span></p> <p style="line-height: 140%; background: white;"><span style="line-height: 140%;">Authors retain copyright of their work and grant the journal right of&nbsp;first publication.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 140%; background: white;"><span style="line-height: 115%;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 140%; background: white;"><strong><span style="line-height: 115%;">Rights Granted After Publication</span></strong></p> <p style="line-height: 140%; background: white;"><span style="line-height: 115%;">After publication, authors may reuse portions or the full article without obtaining formal permission for inclusion within their thesis or dissertation.&nbsp;</span></p> <p>Permission for these reuses is granted on the following conditions:</p> <ul> <li>that full acknowledgement is made of the original publication stating the specific material reused [pages, figure numbers, etc.], [Title] by/edited by [Author/editor], [year of publication], reproduced by permission of International Journal of Child, Youth &amp; Family Studies [link to IJCYFS website];</li> <li>In the case of joint-authored works, it is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission from co-authors for the work to be reuse/republished;</li> <li>that reuse on personal websites and institutional or subject-based repositories includes a link to the work as published in the International Journal of Child, Youth &amp; Family Studies; and that the material is not distributed under any kind of Open Access style licences (e.g. Creative Commons) which may affect the Licence between the author and IJCYFS.</li> </ul> DEDICATION: WHAT OUR ANCESTORS DREAMED ABOUT https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21949 Yuxwelupton Qwal’ qaxala (Bradley Dick) Copyright (c) 2024 Yuxwelupton Qwal’ qaxala (Bradley Dick) 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 1 2 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421949 INVINCIBLE: WE’RE STILL HERE! https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21950 Angel Houle Copyright (c) Angel Houle 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 3 11 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421950 INVINCIBLE: CALLING IN THE GUARDIANS AND WITNESSES https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21951 Sandrina Carere Elika Yamauchi Copyright (c) 2024 Sandrina Carere and Elika Yamauchi 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 12 15 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421951 THE INVINCIBLE METHODOLOGY: OUR RESEARCH JOURNEY https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21952 <p>The INVINCIBLE Research Team: Rayne Kakewash, Dorothy Stirling, t̓at̓uusinapšiit (Emma Hubert), Lillian Hubert, Angel Houle, Jewel Lavan, Mikayla Goodwin-Reid, Pine Ratcliffe, Ellen Hubert, Damien Kakewash, Angela Scott, Yuxwelupton Qwal’ qaxala, Elika Yamauchi, Carmin Bear-Blomberg, Mavis Aubichon, Sandrina Carere</p> The INVINCIBLE Research Team Copyright (c) 2024 Rayne Kakewash, Dorothy Stirling, t̓at̓uusinapšiit (Emma Hubert), Lillian Hubert, Angel Houle, Jewel Lavan, Mikayla Goodwin-Reid, Pine Ratcliffe, Ellen Hubert, Damien Kakewash, Angela Scott, Yuxwelupton Qwal’ qaxala, Elika Yamauchi, Carmin Bear-Blomberg, Mavis Aubichon, Sandrina Carere 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 16 22 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421952 A BITTERSWEET STORY WITH A BITTERSWEET ENDING https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21953 Angel Houle Copyright (c) 2024 Angel Houle 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 23 38 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421953 IF CARE IS EVEN THE RIGHT WORD https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21954 Angel Houle Copyright (c) 2024 Angel Houle 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 39 46 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421954 THUNDER AND LIGHTNING: THE HARMS OF THE CANADIAN CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21957 Damien Kakewash Copyright (c) 2024 Damien Kakewash 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 47 66 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421957 PRIDE: AN INDIGENOUS STORY ABOUT HAIR https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21958 Dorothy Stirling Copyright (c) 2024 Dorothy Stirling 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 67 81 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421958 FREEDOM https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21959 Dorothy Stirling Copyright (c) 2024 Dorothy Stirling 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 82 95 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421959 NEW BEGINNINGS https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21960 Ellen Kayla Hannah Hubert Copyright (c) 2024 Ellen Kayla Hannah Hubert 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 96 104 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421960 CREATOR’S DAY https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21961 t̓at̓uusinapšiił Emma John (Emily Hubert) Copyright (c) 2024 t̓at̓uusinapšiił Emma John (Emily Hubert) 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 105 121 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421961 HEAR ME OUT! https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21962 t̓at̓uusinapšiił Emma John (Emily Hubert) Copyright (c) 2024 t̓at̓uusinapšiił Emma John (Emily Hubert) 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 122 138 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421962 THE WHITE RAVEN https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21963 Jewel Lavan Copyright (c) 2024 Jewel Lavan 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 139 158 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421963 MY MOTHER SAID https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21964 Lilian Hubert Copyright (c) 2024 Lilian Hubert 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 159 171 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421964 IT’S NOT A GLITCH, IT’S MY LIFE! https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21965 Mikayla Goodwin-Reid Copyright (c) 2024 Mikayla Goodwin-Reid 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 172 198 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421965 RED FISH & HUCKLEBERRIES https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21966 Pine Ratcliffe Copyright (c) 2024 Pine Ratcliffe 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 199 201 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421966 WE ARE INVINCIBLE https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21967 Rayne Kakewash Copyright (c) 2024 Rayne Kakewash 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 202 215 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421967 UNFILTERED https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21968 Rayne Kakewash Copyright (c) 2024 Rayne Kakewash 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 216 231 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421968 PROTECTING OUR SPIRIT https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21969 Carmin Bear-Blomberg Copyright (c) 2024 Carmin Bear-Blomberg 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 232 243 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421969 AHCAHK ISKOTÊW https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/ijcyfs/article/view/21971 Mavis Aubichon Copyright (c) 2024 Mavis Aubichon 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 15 1 244 269 10.18357/ijcyfs151202421971