Culturally Appropriate Care— A Multicultural Task: Assessing the Needs of Inuit Youth in the Care of Child Welfare Services / ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᒥᐊᓂᖅᓯᓂᖅ— ᐊᒥᓱᓂᒃ ᓱᓕᕆᓂᖅ: ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓂᖅ ᑭᓐᖒᒪᔾᔪᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᒥᐊᓂᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑎᒍᑦ ᓱᕈᓯᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓂᑦ

  • Sarah L. Fraser OPQ, PhD, Associate Professor, École de Psychoéducation, University of Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  • Cécile Rousseau MD, Professor, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec; and Scientific Director, CSSS-CAU de la Montagne, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  • Rebecca Kasudluak Cultural Consultant, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  • Pamela Burmester MBA, PsyD, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada
  • Maria José Arauz MPH, University of Montréal, Montréal, Québec; and Research Professional, Transcultural Research and Intervention Team, CSSS de la Montagne, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Keywords: Inuit well-being, youth, child welfare, cultural competence, needs assessment / ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓅᑦᑎᐊᕐᓂᖏᑦ, ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᐃᑦ, ᓱᕈᓯᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ, ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᒧᑦ ᑐᓐᖓᕕᒃ, ᑭᓐᖒᒪᔭᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓂᖅ


Over 30% of children in Nunavik have been reported to child welfare services by
professionals, community workers, and/or community members due to possible need of protection, according to a recent report that identified important gaps in the system of care for Inuit youth in Nunavik (Sirois & Montminy, 2010). The objective of this qualitative study was to assess the perspectives of various actors regarding the needs of Inuit youth living in a residential facility in Montreal. Our methods included non-participant observation; semi-structured interviews with youth, residential staff, therapists, and a culture broker; and video production with youth. Adopting a systemic approach, we discuss how the various perspectives converge and diverge and the place that is given to culture in the discourses. We conclude that developing culturally appropriate care for Inuit youth in the care of child welfare is a multicultural task, as it involves multiple groups of individuals influenced by their professional and personal cultures. We suggest the merging of perspectives as a potential for creating innovative practices that are culturally sensitive.

ᓇᑉᐸᑲᓴᖏᑦ  (30%)  ᓱᕈᓰᑦ  ᓄᓇᕕᒻᒥᐅᑕᐃᑦ  ᓱᕈᓯᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ  ᑲᒪᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ  ᐃᓄᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ,  ᓄᓇᓕᒻᒥ  ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᓄᑦ  ᐊᒻᒪᓗ  ᐅᕝᕙᓗᑭᐊᖅ  ᓄᓇᓕᓐᓂᒥᐅᓄᑦ  ᐱᔾᔪᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ  ᓴᐳᑎᔭᐅᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᐸᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᖃᓂᑦᑐᒃᑯᑦ  ᐅᓂᒃᑳᓕᐊᖑᓯᒪᔪᖅ  ᑕᑯᓪᓗᒍ  ᑐᑭᓯᓇᖅᓯᔪᔪᖅ  ᐊᒥᒐᖅᓯᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ  ᓄᓇᕕᒻᒥ  ᐃᓄᐃᑦ  ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᖏᓐᓂᒃ  ᒥᐊᓂᖅᓯᓂᕐᒥᒃ  (ᓯᕈᐊ ᐊᒻᒪ ᒫᓐᑎᒦᓂ, 2010).  ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᐅᑉ  ᑖᔅᓱᒪ  ᑐᕌᒐᖓ  ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓂᐅᔪᕗᖅ  ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔾᔪᑕᐅᔪᓂᒃ  ᐅᐸᑲᖅᑕᕐᕕᐅᕙᑦᑐᓂᒃ  ᐃᓄᐃᑦ  ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᑦ  ᑭᓐᖒᒪᔾᔪᑎᒋᒋᐊᓕᖏᑦ  ᒪᓐᑐᕆᐊᒥ  ᐊᖏᕐᕋᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᒥ.   ᐊᖅᑯᑎᒋᔪᔭᕗᑦ  ᐃᓚᓕᐅᔾᔨᓂᖅ  ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓐᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ  ᑖᒃᑯᓄᖓ  ᑕᑯᓐᓇᒐᕆᔭᖏᓐᓂᒃ;  ᐋᖅᑭᓱᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓗᐊᕋᑎᒃ  ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᐱᖅᑯᑏᑦ,  ᓇᔪᒐᖃᕐᕕᐅᔪᒥᑦ  ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᖏᓐᓂᑦ,  ᐃᓄᓕᕆᔨᓂᑦ,  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᓕᕆᔨᒥᓪᓗ  ᐊᒻᒪᓗ,  ᑕᕐᕆᔮᓕᐊᖑᓯᒪᔪᒥᒃ  ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᓂᑦ.  ᓄᑕᐅᔪᒥᒃ ᐃᑲᔫᑎᒥᒃ  ᐊᖅᑯᓯᐅᖅᑐᑕ,  ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᖅᐳᒍᑦ  ᖃᓄᖅ  ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔾᔪᑕᐅᔪᑦ  ᐃᓗᐃᑦᑐᕈᖅᑎᒍᓐᓇᕐᒪᖔᖅᑎᒍᑦ  ᐃᓕᑕᕆᓗᒍ  ᖃᓄᖅ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖅ  ᐃᓚᓕᐅᔾᔭᐅᒋᐊᒃᑲᓐᓂᕈᓐᓇᕐᒪᖔᑦ  ᐊᓯᔾᔩᒋᐊᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ.  ᐃᓱᒪᓕᐅᖅᐳᒍᑦ  ᐋᖅᑭᔅᓱᐃᓂᖅ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᒨᖓᔪᒥᒃ  ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ  ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᓄᑦ  ᓱᕈᓯᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓂᑦ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᑎᒌᓐᖏᑦᑐᓄᑦ  ᐊᒥᓱᓄᑦᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᒋᐊᑐᔪᖅ,  ᐊᑦᑐᐃᓪᓗᑎᓪᓗ  ᐊᒥᓱᓂᒃ  ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᓂᒃ  ᐊᒻᒪᓗ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᑎᒌᓐᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ.  ᐱᔪᒪᔾᔪᑎᓕᐅᖁᔨᕗᒍᑦ  ᐃᓱᒪᔾᔪᓯᐅᔪᑦ  ᑲᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ  ᓄᑖᓂᒃ  ᐊᔾᔨᐅᖏᑦᑐᓂᒃ  ᐋᖅᑭᔅᓱᐃᓂᒃᑯᑦ  ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᓂᒃ  ᐃᓚᓐᖑᑦᑎᕆᓂᒃᑯᑦ.