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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines



Submissions must meet the following style requirements before they will be accepted for consideration. Careful attention to the following points will greatly facilitate the review process and preparation of an accepted submission for publication. 

Specific Style Requirements


References are placed in the body of the text. The citation is places in parenthesis, with the author's surname, year of publication, and page cited, e.g. (Niezen 2009: 107). Punctuation is placed outside the parenthesis. Specific page citation is mandatory for a direct quote or when referring to a paraphrased statement that is found only in a very specific place in a cited text. Do not use 'ibid' but identify each reference specifically.

  • If the citation refers to more than one work, list the works in alphabetical order by the author's surname and separate the items by semicolons, e.g. (Geertz 1995; Hall 1997; Wolf 1982a, 1982b).
  • Works by two authors are cited by using the full surnames, do not use '&', e.g. (Gupta and Ferguson 1997:38-39). 
  • Works with three or more authors are cited using the primary author followed by 'et al', e.g. (Berman et al. 2000). The co-authors' names are given in full in the References Cited list.

References Cited list should be alphabetized by author's surname.

  • Every item referred to in the text must appear in the References Cited list. Do not include any item in the References Cited if it has not been cited in the text.
  • Multiple items by the same author(s) are listed chronologically. Multiple items by the same author(s), having the same publication date, are alphabetized by the first word of their titles and distinguished by date using, for example, '1999a', '1999b', etc.

For examples of References Cited Listings, please refer to the AAA Publishing Style Guide.


Use quotation marks to indicate articles in periodicals and anthologies, as well as conference titles. Be sure to also indicate inclusive pages and volume numbers for articles in periodicals, and inclusive pages and name of editor for articles in anthologies.

Direct quotations of less than four typewritten lines are included in the body of the text. Longer quotations must be indented five spaces from both margins and single spaced without quotation marks. The reference is cited at the end of the longer quote. Omissions in a quotation are indicated by ellipses (three spaced dots); the third dot does not substitute for a period. 

Alpha-Numeric Guidelines

British/Canadian spelling conventions are used (e.g. neighbour, colour). In a direct quotation, however, the original spelling is followed, even if it is incorrect. An incorrect spelling is indicated by [sic]. 

Acronyms do not carry periods. All acronyms should be written in full when first mentioned with the acronym in brackets immediately following, with any further mention of them in the abbreviated style. E.g. World Health Organization (WHO), United States (US), Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs).


  • Numbers from one to ten are spelled out. All others are expressed in numerals including such constructions as 5,000 (rather than 'five thousand').
  • A number expressing percentage is expressed as a numeral followed by the sign in both tables and in the text (e.g. 5%).
  • Monetary expressions are to be written as numerals and symbols (e.g. $8,000 rather than 'eight thousand dollars'). Designate the currency's country if there is any possibility of confusion by indicating the country in front of the amount (e.g. Cdn$10,000; US$7,500).
  • Century designations use numerals, and 'century' is not capitalized (e.g. 18th century). A decade is referred to as 'the 1980s' or 'the mid-1960s'. If a number begins a sentence, it must be written out. 
  • Common units of measurement are left in abbreviated form; numbers associated with such abbreviations are left as numerals (e.g 6km; 1")

Foreign or culturally unfamiliar or unspecific terms use italics rather than quotation marks.

Tables and Figures

If figures or tables are included, they must be professionally drawn, and a camera-ready PMT, or digital version should be sent with the final draft of the submission. The Editors will request this from you at the appropriate time. Figures and tables must be numbered consecutively and appear on separate pages with their placement clearly indicated in the text. A caption title is optional, but the numerical identification is mandatory.

  • Figures (including maps, photographs, drawings, charts, graphs, etc.) must be labelled with the numbered title left-justified below the figure.
Tables must be labelled with the numbered title left-justified above the table.

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