The Present and Future of Land-based Education in Treaty #3

  • Donna Chief
  • Brendan Smyth
Keywords: Land-based education, land-based pedagogies, Anishinaabe, educational outcomes, cultural identity, cultural pride


In this paper, we examine the current state of land-based education within Treaty #3 and look to potential models for strengthening and building upon current practices. This paper is organized around four central questions:

1. Where are we now?

2. What characterizes Anishinaabe land-based education?

3. Why is land-based education important now?

4. Where do we want to go?

By reflecting on and responding to these questions, we hope to begin a discussion about how land-based pedagogies rooted in Anishinaabe knowledge can improve and strengthen the educational outcomes for all students within Treaty #3.